Beginner welders would assume that all welding electrodes are for heavy-duty fabrications. Surprisingly, some welding rods, like the 6013, are meant for beginners.
But what can a 6013 welding rod do for your fabrication?
Quite a lot! In this post, we'll look into the 6013 rod for welding and what sorts of projects it is best suited for. So, whether you're a welding hobbyist or a construction worker looking to learn more about this popular welding rod, read on!
The American Welding Society classifies different welding rods based on their durability, versatility, and composition. They used alphanumeric codes to differentiate these electrodes. As for the 6013 electrodes, here are their key features.
Tensile strength is a property to consider when assessing the suitability of your welding rod. You can tell an electrode's tensile strength by how much force you need to break it. The higher the tensile strength, the harder and more resistant it is to damage or breakage.
By looking at the first two digits of the 6013 electrodes, you'll know it has 60,000 psi of maximum tensile strength, which has similar maximum tensile strength as the 6010, 6011, 6012, and 7018 electrodes.
To determine the position that your welding electrode can do, look at the third digit. As for the 6013 stick welding rod, welding hobbyists can use this in any position, making it ideal for welding in hard-to-reach places.
Plus, you can do overhead or vertical welding without cracking issues or difficulty in weld puddle control.
The fourth digit tells you the type of flux coating and power supply of welding electrodes. 6013 welding rods have high titania potassium. Plus, you use this welding rod with your welding equipment with a direct or alternating current.
Many welders choose the E6013 rod because it is relatively easy to use. Thus, many call it the easy rod or the beginner's rod. But one downside is that it only penetrates the metal surface to a shallow depth.
This shallow penetration can be a problem if you are trying to weld two pieces of metal together with different thicknesses. The 6013 welding rod may not penetrate deep enough to create a strong bond.
In these cases, it is necessary to use a different welding rod that can penetrate to a greater depth. Otherwise, the weld metal will not be as strong and could fail.
Nevertheless, you can weld using the 6013 welding rod on various thin sheet metals like mild steel. It's suitable for light to medium penetration for different welding projects.
The 6013 welding electrode provides excellent arc stability, low spatter, and excellent slag removal. You can weld at a fast or a slow rate and still create smooth root pass welds with minimal spatter. It is suitable for all welding positions, including vertical and overhead.
6013 stick welding rods are commonly used in general fabrication because they offer a variety of benefits. They are often used in manufacturing truck frame bodies and metal furniture because they provide excellent welding properties, including high deposition rates and light spatter levels.
They are also often used in storage tanks and farm implementations because they offer good penetration and can be used on thin material. Additionally, 6013 electrodes are often used where aesthetics are of grave importance because they produce quality welds with a clean look.
Vertical, overhead, or horizontal welding positions aren't an issue with this electrode. Neither is the current type you use. It's pretty easy to create smooth and flat beads that other common electrodes have difficulty making.
Unfortunately, it is still possible to make undercuts and slags that are hard to remove. Here are a few tips to get the best welds with your 6013 electrodes.
The amperage (or current) determines the heat applied to the parent weld. For the 6013 rods, it's good to start at around 40-80 amps. Then, adjust according to the thickness of the material being welded.
If your amperage is too low, you might notice a few things. First, your electrode will be especially sticky when striking an arc. The low amperage means your welding rod is not generating enough heat to vaporize the metal of the electrode, so it just sticks to the workpiece.
Second, your arc will keep going out. The arc isn't hot enough to melt through the metal being welded, so it just keeps cooling off and going out. Finally, the slag pockets on your weld mean the arc isn't hot enough to sustain itself, so it keeps flickering on and off, creating these tiny imperfections.
The electrode should be held at a 20-degree angle from the welded material. Doing so will create a strong arc and push the slag to the back of the weld puddle where it can't get ahead of your weld and cause weld defects. Plus, the angle allows the maximum amount of heat to be transferred to the material, resulting in a stronger weld.
If the electrode is held at a shallow angle, the heat will not be evenly distributed, and the weld will be weaker. Moreover, too steep of an angle will cause the electrode to stick to the material, making it difficult to create a smooth weld.
When welding, there are three main types of electrodes that can be used: fast-freeze, fast-fill, and fill-freeze. Each type has features to be considered before selecting an electrode.
The 6013 electrode is considered a fast-fill electrode. Thus, you can increase your welding speed. You can also create quality penetration with easy-to-remove slag.
The 6013 is quite easy to use and clean up. But it does have its quirks. First, it has low penetration, so it's only suitable for thin metal sheets. It will also create weak welds if you weld on painted or rusty metal surfaces.
When it comes to welding rods, proper storage is essential to maintaining their quality and preventing them from becoming damaged. 6013 electrodes should always be stored in an environment with humidity below 50%. Furthermore, these classes of electrodes should be stored in an oven between 100 to 150 degrees Fahrenheit.
The best brand of 6013 welding rod would be the economical Forney 303305 E6013 because of its excellent wetting action and steady arc. Their welding rods are available in 5/64", 3/32", 1/8", and 5/32" diameter.
The 6011 and 6013 welding rods are both commonly used for general-purpose welding, but there are some key differences between them.
The 6011 welding rod is a high cellulose sodium rod that works well on dirty or rusty metals . It also has deep penetration to work with thick sections of metal. Meanwhile, the 6013 welding rod is a low penetrating rod best suited for welding clean sheet metal. It produces a smoother bead than the 6011 welding rods and is less likely to cause porosity.
The 6013 electrodes are generally considered easier to use than 7018 electrodes. They produce less smoke and spatter, and they're more tolerant of imperfections in the base metal.
However, 7018 electrodes produce a stronger weld than 6013 electrodes due to their tensile strength. Given that the 7018 is a low hydrogen electrode, your welds will not be prone to hydrogen cracking.
6013 is a beginner-friendly rod due to its light penetration and minimal slag. But if you need an electrode that creates deeper weld joints, consider the 6011 rods since both have the same tensile strength, current types, and welding position.
So there you have it–a few key features of the 6013 welding rod and some ideas on how to use it. If you're looking for an electrode that can make beautiful, clean welds, the 6013 is a great option.
For more information on welding rods and other welding electrodes, check out our other guides here at Welding Buddy. Happy welding!
Not all welding rods are created equal.
In fact, there is more than one type of welding rod on the market, each with its own unique set of benefits and limits, such as having one polarity and current. While others can work with any welding machine despite its different current type.
In this blog, we'll talk about 6011 stick welding and its various uses. We will also learn its features, uses, drawbacks, and proper storage of this rod. Let's explore!
The 6011 welding electrode is one of the most used rods for welding because of its practical features. What are the characteristics of this welding rod that makes it dependable?
Only two tensile strengths are available in common electrode rods: 60,000 and 70,000. And the first two digits of this electrode (60) tell you that your final weld can withstand 60,000 psi (pounds per inch).
You can tell this by looking at the third digit of the electrode. In this case, 1 means all positions. So 6011 welding rod uses are for all kinds of positions: flat, overhead, vertically up or down. It means that you weld vertically downwards without creating weld defects or burning through your material.
The last two digits of your welding rod will tell you what type of coating it has so you can determine which current it can work with. For 6011 welding electrodes, it has a high-cellulose coating of potassium.
Being a potassium-based rod, this welding electrode can be used for any welding current: AD, DC+, and DC-. This means that this welding electrode is versatile to work with any polarity, and you would still produce nice welds.
Aside from learning its characteristics, you still have to consider the thicknesses of welding rods. Remember that thicker rods can penetrate heavy steel. Meanwhile, thinner rods are for lightweight metals and small welds. If you don't follow this concept, you'll either have poor penetration, excessive spatter, or undercuts.
Check out this chart for more accurate amperage.
|Diameter (inches)||Diameter (mm)||Amperage range|
While it's best to weld on clean and shiny metals, getting everything clean is not your only option. With the 6011 welding rod, you can weld dirty, rusty, and painted metals, making it ideal for auto body repairs, shipbuilding, or pipe welding.
The 6011 rod is also good for tack welding. With tack welding, you need a very small weld, so it wouldn't be visible when you do the final weld. In addition, the 6011 rods can create small tacks and slight slag that you can easily clean off.
Given that the 6011 rods have deep penetration, it helps if you can use some torch techniques to control your weld pool. There are two techniques to manipulate your weld:
The 6011 rod's versatility comes with a few drawbacks:
If you're the proud owner of some 6011 rods, you might be wondering where to store them. After all, you want to ensure they're always in top condition, ready to be used for welding projects. Here are proper care tips for stowing away your 6011 rods.
These simple tips ensure your 6011 rods are always stored properly and in top condition.
Every project has different specifications to achieve the desired weld. Although the 6011 welding rod is made for general purposes, the drawbacks of this practical rod may limit your welds. Check out some alternative electrodes to cover the weaknesses of e6011.
All in all, 6011 welding rods are a great all-around electrode. No matter what welding machine or metal you have, you can assure this stick electrode can get the job done. With the right amperage and technique, you can use this versatile rod for numerous repairs and fabrication.
If you're looking for other alternatives and reviews, check out our other buying guides at Welding Buddy. Happy welding!
Without a doubt, welding is one of the most hazardous jobs worldwide. That's why it takes skill and professional training before you can operate a welding machine. Even professional welders suffer from injuries, whether from accidents, faulty machinery, or human error.
If you're a professional welder, this post is perfect for you. We will talk about the common hazards professional welders face and the tools they need to avoid major injuries.
Your protection should be your first priority when you're a welder. You can't do what you do best when you're injured. So, here's a list of the most common hazards to raise your awareness and help you avoid accidents.
Welding requires intense heat to meld metal pieces together. In addition, the spark emissions from the welding rod are hot. Therefore, you must take care that these materials do not come in contact with your skin. These can cause serious burns that can develop into blistering and permanent scars. The spark emissions can also go into your eyes and cause eye problems.
You must have protection from head to toe when welding. Your best protection against skin burns is wearing personal protective equipment. But not any PPE will do. You need to wear something that can withstand extreme heat. Also, ensure your PPE will not melt or burn when in contact with heat.
Aside from PPE, wearing a helmet can protect your eyes from harmful emissions. If a helmet makes you uncomfortable, goggles are a great alternative.
Welding also involves working with torches to cut and shape metal. Thus, keeping flammable materials away from your workstation is a must for your safety.
If possible, you must have a separate space where you can use your torch. Oils, chemicals, and even oxygen tanks can trigger flammable reactions and explosions. So, make sure to keep away anything flammable before you start working with fire.
Additionally, never work with something you are unfamiliar with, be it metal, gas, or other substances. They may be flammable and cause major accidents.
Some materials create toxic fumes when in contact with heat. When inhaled, these fumes can have negative effects on your overall health.
Before you start welding, know the base metal first. Some metals may even contain radioactive elements. Even touching them without the proper safety gear can be hazardous.
Welders are also at risk of asphyxiation. Working in a very hot place can decrease oxygen levels. And if you have a helmet on, getting enough oxygen will be difficult. If the natural air is very low, asphyxiation can happen quickly.
Remember to take a break once in a while. Take your safety gear off and take deep breaths. It will also help to do your work in an open space where air flows naturally. Installing fans and having windows on-site can also increase the natural airflow.
To generate intense heat, your welding equipment uses electricity. And with electricity involved, welders are also at risk of electrical hazards.
Most electric accidents come from faulty wirings. Some faulty wirings are hard to spot because the entire job site seems hot. But when the outer shell of the machine is metal, it can conduct electricity and shock you.
Make it a habit to check your wirings before you start working. If you're not sure how to repair your wires, ask a professional electrician to do it for you. Additionally, make sure your workstation and equipment are dry because water conducts electricity. Also, never touch metals without insulation gloves.
What's inside your bag can make your work easy and even save your life. You have a dangerous job, so coming to work prepared with a welding bag for your tools and helmet is a must.
Here are some of the essential tools you should have. Ensure to store them in a welding helmet bag to maintain their excellent condition. Storing them in one place also helps you be ready to go when duty calls.
You may have been welding for a long time, but it does not mean you are invulnerable to burns. Thus, it's a must to wear welding gloves.
Welding gloves should be insulated and capable of withstanding intense heat up to 500 degrees. Ensure your gloves also fit your wrist and cover up to your PPE’s arm cuff. That way, you leave no part of your arms exposed.
Another essential tool in your pack is a helmet. Welding helmets should protect your face and eyes from contacting the hot particles welding produces. Furthermore, choose a helmet with auto-darkening features to protect your eyes from bright sparks. Directly staring at these sparks can cause vision problems.
If your PPE is not complete, at least have a jacket to protect your body. Leather jackets have exceptional fire resistance, making them perfect for welding jobs. Plus, they look cool on you! But if you have a bigger budget, get specialized welding jackets.
When you are not welding, you don't have to wear your helmet. You can wear more compact masks if you want to avoid inhaling dirt and small particles. Many beginners don't usually wear them, but in the long run, you will thank yourself for taking care of your lungs.
Smoldering pieces of metal are everywhere on-site, not to mention the live wires. Thus, you should protect even your feet from these hazards.
Wearing regular sneakers is not enough protection. Welding work boots are better because they are insulated and fireproof. They should be slip-resistant to protect you from spilled oil and chemicals. They should also reach six to eight inches above your ankles to ensure no part of your legs is exposed.
Earplugs are not very popular among welders, but they're still an essential piece of safety equipment. They protect your hearing not only from loud noise but also from the small welding particles that can enter your ear.
If you're wearing a full helmet, an earplug should suffice. But if you're only using goggles, we advise that you use nonflammable earmuffs to cover the entire ear.
Welders and construction workers face many work risks and hazards. That is why you must have all the proper safety equipment with you. One unfortunate accident can hinder you from doing your thing ever again.
We hope this guide has made you more aware of your safety needs. If you need a welding bag and other premium welding tools, check out our buying guides and reviews to make an informed purchase.
“Why do I need to purchase a cutting torch hose reel?” you might ask. “Don’t I just have to roll it up?”
Imagine carrying and spooling a 50-feet cable before and after you weld. Every. Single. Time.
Wouldn’t it be more time-efficient to keep your cutting torch hoses organized with a welding cable reel? Not only does it keep your cables in good condition, but a cutting torch hose reel also reduces tripping and fire hazard risks in the workplace. It saves your hose reel from wear and tears while saving lives and your business as well.
The problem is, nowadays, it is challenging to find a hose reel that does the job. You're in luck because you’ve come to the right place! We've listed the top five best cutting torch hose reel reviews below. Read on!
ATD Tools 31170 Twin is heavy-duty and spring-driven. It features an all-steel, heavy-gauge reel assembly.
Thanks to its eight-position ratchet mechanism, this cutting torch hose reel allows you to lock the reel at the desired hose length. It is not made of just any steel; it is made of heavy-duty, professional-grade steel. Also, this is an oxy-acetylene hose reel, which means it includes two color-coded hoses: one for oxygen and one for acetylene.
The hose reel’s fittings are made of solid brass, with double O-ring seals to avoid leakage. You can also mount the ATD Tools 31170 Twin welding hose reel anywhere you please, such as on the workbenches, floor, or ceiling.
The Cyclone Pneumatic is a heavy-duty twin hose welding reel. It's constructed with solid steel and a German-made twin hose that is 100 ft. long, making it durable. As a result, it makes less room for air leaks or hose wear and tear.
Like the Utool Hose Reel, this one comes with an automatic rewind system for seamless retractability. Unfortunately, it’s also a heavy type of reel, so you might think that it will be difficult to operate and mount. That depends on you, but luckily, users can find different tricks that work (e.g., removing the sturdy bolt and hose stopper when mounting).
Moreover, it's adjustable to suit any mounting position you might like, whether it's on the ceiling or floor. The roller guides and guide arm make installing and operating easier. However, not all users can agree to this. Some say it took two people to mount this heavy reel, and the hose quality isn't as solid as the reel.
The Coxreels Industrial Welding Reel with Oxygen–Acetylene Dual Hose sits upon a 1/4-inch steel base, which offers maximum stability. The base is equipped with Coxreels’ exclusive Super Hub dual axle support.
This oxyacetylene hose reel has heavy-duty CNC robotically ribbed and spun discs with rolled edges. It is a feature that offers superior strength and keeps the operator safe.
You can mount it quickly to a wall, ceiling, floor, or vehicle thanks to its multi-position guide arm. In addition, it has an enclosed and lubricated cartridge-style motor, so you can easily remove it for convenient and safe maintenance.
Even the reel's tiny parts, such as the pawl, spring, and zinc-plated ratchet, are made of non-corrosive stainless steel.
Compared to the previous products, not many people know about this hose reel yet. Hence, we include this in our review. The Aain Ae40 Hose Reel is your go-to premium heavy-duty industrial or DIY welder reel.
It features an air hose reel made of solid steel and is 1/2 in. x 5 ft long. The mounting bolt and hose are adjustable to suit your installation and operation preferences. It also comes with an auto-water connection structure for time-saving and quick connection.
Moreover, the hose is retractable and hybrid and withstands a maximum air pressure of 300 PSI. Compared to 90-150 PSI, this tool can better handle heavy-duty storage and abuse. Lastly, it promotes smooth operation; thanks to the full flow solid swivel joint and multi-position release ratchet spring, fluid flow can run smoothly and uninterrupted.
The flexible and sturdy Utool Retractable Air Hose Reel removes clutter and manual storing of your welding hose. It allows you to dedicate more of your time to actual work.
The hose reel is made up of corrosion-resistant alloy steel for reliable strength and durability. Meanwhile, the hybrid hose is made of premium rubber and PVC so that it's soft but can also withstand abuse. Specifically, it works under 300 PSI work pressure and temperature of -55 to 70C.
Moreover, it features an automatic, spring-powered rewind system that helps retract the hose without manual work. Lastly, it's highly flexible, thanks to the adjustable bumper with a 4-roller design that also helps extend the hose's life. However, some users find that this hose reel isn't that durable, with some experiencing hose leaks and weak retraction after a few weeks of use.
Cutting torch hoses are made of sturdy materials for durability. However, it still needs a container to prolong its service life. When you always kink your hoses, it may damage the fabric or block gas flow. Plus, uncoiled and scattered cables are accident-prone. That is why you need a durable cutting torch hose reel to prevent these from happening.
We hope the list above gives you an idea of the features to look for when buying your reel. As always, prioritize quality, for it makes a worthy investment. Read more here.
Hi there, welding enthusiast. Welcome to the tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding simulator.
So you are about to begin your new project. To start your mission, choose the kind of project you want to build. Is it a bike frame, a door handle, or a lawnmower? Confirm your selection.
Next, choose which material you’d like to weld. Will it be stainless steel, aluminum, or something else? Once you've confirmed your selection, you may proceed to your welding workspace.
But wait—your workplace is as empty as a drum. So how are you going to weld? Unless you have the right equipment and proper clothing, you can't. Otherwise, you won't accomplish anything decent and might even injure yourself in the process.
Don't worry. We will walk you through the entire TIG welding business to help you familiarize yourself with it. So whether you are considering welding as a career or just looking for the right TIG welding tools to help you with your current projects, this article is for you.
Before we proceed to your wardrobe, let's define this type of welding first.
TIG is a process where you use an electric arc (TIG electrode) made of tungsten to heat metals without using a welding flux. It's also known as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW).
How does it work? Here's a simple step-by-step procedure.
GTAW started in the 1930s to 1940s. People from the aircraft industry developed a way to weld magnesium. Today, many industries rely on TIG because it's more flexible to use in various metals than the other processes.
Now that you know a thing or two about GTAW, it's time to get dressed for the occasion.
Welding is a messy and risky job, so you must wear protective clothing from top to bottom. Don't take this lightly—your safety depends on how much care you put into protecting yourself from hazards.
Head protection varies depending on the welding helmet you choose. You have two types of helmets to choose from.
Would you like to wear a passive welding hood? This simple helmet comes with a few parts and pre-assembled settings. You'll find inbuilt lenses, a fixed #10 shade, and a standard glass on the lens for anti-UV emissions and infrared. Additionally, it's more affordable than the second type of helmet.
This helmet contains an auto-darkening lens with multiple arc sensors. These sensors detect light and automatically adjust the filter shade. Unlike a passive hood, you don't have to adjust this manually. However, it's more costly than a passive helmet because of the advanced features.
Tip: You might be tempted to use TIG goggles, but helmets are a better investment offering better protection.
The workplace can get pretty hot and surrounded by dangerous elements, which is why you need to wear the right clothes. Whether you work on a construction site or have your own workspace for GTAW, protective clothing keeps you safe from falling debris and fire hazards.
Wear a welding jacket, a long-sleeved shirt under it, and welding pants. Doing this will secure your protection against welding hazards. Some types of welding jackets include cowhide, flame-resistant, and goatskin.
Tip: Welding jackets, pants, and underlayers shouldn't have holes or cuffs on them; these will catch sparks and splatter. Think function first before fashion!
Don't forget accessories that add solid protection to important parts of your body. First in line are TIG gloves. They have heat-resistant features to prevent direct heat contact with your skin. Choose among Kevlar, leather, or fiberglass materials.
Additionally, you can wear welding knee pads and an apron. Welding knee pads are multi-layered, water-repellent padding, providing support and comfort as you weld for long periods. Meanwhile, a welding apron shields your abdomen, chest, and upper legs from heat and splatter. These two are optional, but gloves are a must!
Last but not least on our welding wardrobe: welding shoes. Wearing them will protect your feet from heat and particles that may fly off. Also, TIG torches emit a lot of UV light that can cause burns on exposed skin, so safety shoes are important.
Always wear safety boots when welding. They're designed to protect you from any workplace hazard and are tested to ensure usability. Moreover, they're heat-resistant and compliant with the F2413-05 and F2413 ASTM standards.
You may choose between leather and rubber boots, as long as they incorporate the properties mentioned above.
TIG tools help you produce better results and make your welding job easier and safer. TIG tools come in various types, but not everything is necessary. Let's discuss each tool's function and importance in your GTAW project.
Your TIG machine is one of the most important tools in your arsenal. This device converts electrical energy into heat for you to melt metal and make welds. Welders have different types, and choosing the right one will depend on your budget and welding plans.
If you are welding for TIG alone, get a TIG welder for sale. But if you want to try different welding methods and projects, go for the multiprocess welding machines. Some of the most preferred welder brands are Miller, Hobart, ESAB, and Lincoln. Still, it is best to do your research to ensure a worthy investment.
The TIG torch is where the electrode is placed. It helps create the weld pool and heats the filler metal to complete your weld. Your dexterity in handling this tool will determine your welding skills and the quality of the results.
To choose the right torch for your welding needs, consider these factors: voltage, torch size, air- or water-cooling properties, arc technology, and duty cycle. These factors will depend on the material you'll work on, preference, and other needs. If you get a torch with uncomfortable heat and time-consuming maintenance, replace it immediately.
A welding shielding gas is nonflammable, prevents oxidation, and shields the weld from air contamination. Welding gasses have many types, but among them, argon and helium are the most commonly used for TIG. Here are their differences.
Tip: If you want to spend less on filling the gas tank, look for bigger tank sizes.
The tungsten electrode or rod is placed inside the torch to make a weld pool, heat the metal workpieces, and complete your weld. They vary in material and finish: there's pure tungsten, pure tungsten with thoria, and pure tungsten with zirconia. There's also a clean finish and a centerless ground finish.
To choose your tungsten rods, consider the electrode diameter, amperage, type of shielding gas, type of current, and frequency balance.
Your list of welding wardrobes and basic TIG welding supplies is now complete! Now that you have the right equipment, it's time to learn how to use them.
TIG is a welding process that takes some practice to master, but with these tips, you'll be on your way.
Your TIG torch angle should be at least 15 to 20 degrees away from the surface material. This angle will allow you easy access to the filler material and increase the overall visibility of the welding workpiece.
Look into the power settings of your TIG machine and set it to the minimum, something you can sustain as you familiarize your way around it. Doing this will help you slowly but surely develop a solid and sturdy weld and avoid burn-throughs.
Cleanliness contributes to the strength of a welding arc. Hence, you have to ensure that the metals you're working on are clean before starting. We recommend getting a delicate brush to sweep off any visible dirt, dust, or stain.
The filler material is thin, so you should only melt it through the molten puddle. Do not heat it directly from the torch to avoid low-quality results. Additionally, place the filler material on a low angle to prevent contact with the tungsten electrode, as it can cause contamination.
We hope this tutorial has helped you complete your first welding mission. Compared to other welding processes, TIG can be more difficult to learn. However, you can master it and make art using the right tools and techniques. Good luck with your welding journey!
Meanwhile, if you want to read more information before proceeding to weld, feel free to browse our blog. We got you covered with our guides on MIG, stick, and TIG welding tools and equipment; TIG welding for aluminum; and TIG welding tools for steel and other materials. We also have brand reviews for Lincoln, PrimeWeld, Miller, or Northern Tool TIG welders.
Welders have to take a variety of precautions to stay safe while working. One way is by wearing the proper protective equipment to ensure safety from injuries from metal sparks, radiation, debris falling in the work area, and more.
Accidents can happen anytime, but you can prevent the worst scenario if you wear the proper protection. We’ll create a list of all the possible dangers you’ll face and the tools that can keep you away from them. You can achieve excellent results and still ensure safety.
When welding, your extremities, face and eyes, and even your internal organs are all at risk of getting damaged. Let’s check one by one how the hazards occur, so every time you start working, you’ll be aware to take care of yourself more.
You'll use all sorts of gases in welding, like shielding and fuel gases. The most common gases you’ll likely be exposed to are the following:
These chemicals ensure perfect weld, but when inhaled, they also cause damage to the respiratory system and bring about nose, throat, and lung illnesses. Long-term exposure to fumes can even be a cause of cancer development.
Meanwhile, when these chemicals are mixed and ignited, they create a hot spark in welding torches, allowing steel, aluminum, or iron to melt. When you perform different arc welding processes, you are also exposed to harmful ultraviolet rays (UVR), which can cause burns to the eyes and the skin.
To ensure a perfect weld, seeing the material you are working on is necessary, so you keep your eyes close to it. Without the proper eye protection, you can suffer photokeratitis, an eye condition caused by exposure to high amounts of UV rays. You can also have flash burns, bringing irreparable injuries to the eyes and even blindness.
The flaming gases emitted by welding torches can reach up to 3100 degrees centigrade heat, ideal for melting metals but dangerous to the skin. If you do not wear the correct welding gloves, shirt, pants, and boots, you are more prone to danger. It is critical to know what type of glove protection you need for different kinds of welding.
Steel, aluminum, iron, copper, and many other materials for welding are electric conductors, meaning they allow the efficient flow of electricity. If any electrical accidents occur, they can cause electrical shock. The risk is even higher if you are not wearing glows, clothes, and boots that are fire, burn, and electricity resistant.
Another common workplace accident is crushed fingers or toes because of incorrect handling of welding materials. The risk even increases when you wear the wrong gloves and boots or do not wear them at all. You are at higher risk of extremity injuries.
When working on a construction site, head injury is highly probable as there may be falling debris. Even the steel or iron materials brought to the workplace can be injury sources for the head and the body. With these, protection for the head is one of the main safety attire requirements.
Workplace risks are a part of any job, especially in welding. The good news is there are safety guidelines and requirements in every country. In America, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulates workplace safety laws, while in Canada, it is the Canadian Centre For Occupational Health And Safety.
Wherever you may be, here are the general welding safety attire must-haves.
When looking for welding hard hats, take note of these characteristics to ensure that you are getting only the best:
To ensure you won’t suffer any eye and facial injuries, wearing a welding hood is a must. Here are the features your hood should have:
Another tool you can use to ensure your safety in the workplace is a welding hood adapter. A welding hard hat adapter is a strap that keeps the welding hood and the hard hat together. You can consider getting the Huntsman welding hood hard hat adapter or a fibre metal welding hood hard hat adapter. They are some of the best types that can ensure your safety.
If you want to skip the hassle of having two separate tools to protect your face and head, there are welding hoods that have built-in hard hats too. You have a helmet and hard hat instantly when you get this, no need for attachment or detachment.
Together with your head, face, and eyes, you should also protect your whole body by using the following safety attire for welding:
Welding is a dangerous job, but you can protect yourself by wearing the proper safety equipment. A hard hat welding hood adapter system will protect your eyes and face while also protecting your head from falling objects or debris with its shield. Wearing complete work safety attire from clothes, gloves, boots, and earmuffs is also essential.
All these tools and equipment can save you from pains in the different parts of the body, from the eyes, lungs, toes, hands, and the whole body. You can focus better on your welding work and render quality output when you wear them. This is because no matter how you move, the welding helmet with a hard hat adapter and other safety tools will protect you.
Tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding requires skill and knowledge to do it well. You might think that TIG welding is easy because some welders make it look so. Maybe you also have some experience with other welding processes, and you think you can carry over the skill set to TIG. These are the common assumptions most aspiring TIG welders hold.
It's time to put those assumptions aside and be open to learning (or reviewing) the fundamentals of the TIG process. Then, you'll have a firm grasp on how all the TIG welding parts come together to create something sturdy and functional.
Let's start with two things: the torch and the machine.
The TIG method of welding is distinct from other welding processes because of its welding torch. The TIG torch is smaller than most welding torches, and TIG welding small parts such as the tungsten rod, gas lens, and collets separate it from other welding processes.
Here are some of the names of the TIG torch's small components that are responsible for that quality TIG weld.
The body is the part that holds everything together and is the largest part of the welding torch.
The body of the torch is a combination of two individual parts.
The upper part is called the insulator. It is where you connect the gas lens and the tungsten, the parts that are essential for generating the arc needed for welding. The upper part is called such because it doesn't conduct electricity. This way, you can hold the torch without getting electrocuted.
The bottom part serves as a handle to grip on to control the arc's direction and switch it on or off.
Also known as tungsten housing, this part connects to the back of the torch after the tungsten is inserted and serves as tungsten's insulator. The back cap protects you from touching the tungsten, which may electrocute you. It also protects the tungsten from outside elements that might come in contact with it and affect the purity of the weld.
The O ring acts as a sealant that keeps gas from leaking out of the back of the torch. The role of the O rings on TIG welding is crucial as it prevents gas wastage and keeps the flow concentrated on the tip of the torch where the arc is, thus maximizing its shielding function and reducing costs.
The tungsten's stability is important because of the demand for high accuracy and finer weld of the TIG welding process. The collet fulfills this role by acting as a stabilizer that surrounds the tungsten rod holding it in place, making sure there is no open space when the rod is inserted into the insulator.
The collet body is the main collet, and it adapts the hole insert on the insulator. Apart from keeping the tungsten intact, another function of the collet body is to control shielding gas coverage that's coming out of your torch. Managing the gas coverage affects the quality of weld as the shielding gas protects your arc and base metal from outside elements that may affect the finished weld.
The collet body has two kinds: the standard collet and the gas lens. The gas lens has a higher cost but yields better quality than the standard collet, which yields a more turbulent gas flow toward the arc and the workpiece.
The shield cup's role in the TIG torch is to enclose the tungsten rod and let the gas envelop it, thereby “shielding” the rod and the arc from outside elements. It directs the gas toward the workpiece, ensuring that it is shielded to yield a clean and smooth metal weld.
Shielding cups vary in materials. Some shielding cups are made of ceramic, and some are made of glass.
Shield cups also come in different forms: some shield cups act as a cover for the gas lens, while some are for the standard collet body.
The tungsten electrode is the main material that produces the arc and the most important part of TIG, also known as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). Tungsten electrodes or tungsten rods are used in GTAW because they have a high melting point (about 4000 degrees).
Tungsten is capable of withstanding the temperatures needed for TIG welding aluminum and other ferrous and nonferrous metals. Because of tungsten's superior heat resistance, it is nonconsumable. That means the tungsten isn't included in the finished weld. However, it does get shortened from grinding the tip to form a different arc.
Another thing you need to acquaint yourself with is the parts of the welding machine. These include the parts that are on the welding machine and the ones that are hooked onto it.
Understanding the parts and their function is your first step to becoming a skillful welder. Knowing the pieces and how they all work together will bring you insights into how you should work with the welding machine to produce great TIG welds.
The front panel is where all weld settings are done. The basic TIG welder for sale should have the primary voltage control knob and the power switch. This knob adjusts the current according to how thick your workpiece metal is, and the control panel will have a display where you can see the amount of voltage.
Multiprocess welders, meanwhile, have several controls such as wire feed speed setup, process change switches, polarity, and metal thickness settings.
The torch assembly includes the torch hose and the different components therein. For the TIG welding torch, you'll get a lighter torch that you can hold like a pen.
TIG torches have different sizes, the smallest being 9 and the largest being 26. The more sophisticated ones also have a gas- or water-cooling feature, which keeps the thin TIG torch at even temperatures so that you can weld for prolonged periods.
The handle also has a gas control switch that will give you more control over how much gas will flow through the torch.
Commonly known as the work lead, this cable is connected to the machine and clamped to the workpiece metal. Another one connects to the torch hose. In some cases, the torch hose directly connects to the device, eliminating the use of another work lead for the TIG torch.
The work lead that connects to the torch brings the electric current to the electrode tip and creates an arc. When the arc touches the workpiece metal, the other work lead that is clamped to it returns the current back to the power source, completing the electric cycle.
The power input cable connects to the outlet where the welding machine gets its source of electricity, which the machine then feeds the torch. Some machines can work with a 120-volt or a 240-volt power outlet. Multiprocess machines can handle both voltage inputs.
The voltage that a machine can handle will affect the maximum amperage it can produce. Thus, this affects how your TIG torch welds look in varying metal thicknesses.
Also known as a regulator, this meter feeds you information about how much gas is flowing from the gas cylinder to the tip of your welding torch. In shielded gas welding, shielding gas is an integral part of the whole welding process. The flow meter gives you insights into how much gas you’re consuming and how much you have left before you have to refill the gas cylinder.
Sophisticated flow meters with multiple gauges measure liters per minute and gas pressure (PSI).
TIG welding is a shielded gas welding process, so it will always involve gas cylinders. The gas valve is where the gas hose connects the gas cylinder to the machine—this is the gas inflow. Another valve with a hose connects to the TIG welding torch handle—this is the gas outflow.
Most machines have gas valves on the front and back. This type of valve design makes it ergonomic for you to use. You can set the gas cylinder behind your TIG machine and have more room in your workspace to move around.
The essential part of the machine is, of course, the welding machine itself. The welding machine manages the outflow of voltage coming from the outlet to manageable levels. It uses this energy and feeds it to the TIG torch to generate the arc.
The welding machine also ensures that the current flows according to what you have set, whether it is an AC or DC. This voltage and current management makes it safe for you to weld using electricity.
Now that you have familiarized yourself with the different parts of the torch and the machine, you're on your way to getting a good start in TIG welding. If not, you can still hire a best metal fabrication and welding services near you.
The parts are just one of several fundamentals that you need to know. But this should be enough to get you started with familiarity instead of blindly fumbling with the torch and the machine (because who reads the manual, right?).
This snippet of knowledge will give you the confidence to explore your TIG equipment. But, more importantly, it will let you appreciate and enjoy the first time you turn on your first TIG welding machine.
Now, go weld some stuff and have a blast!
Welding is the process of binding two surfaces together, particularly metals and thermoplastics. This is commonly used in the construction and automotive industries where working with metals is the norm. Two very common welding methods are Metal Inert Gas (MIG) and Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding. You’ll get different results from each of these processes so the equipment needed for each differs too. One of its main differences is in the level of difficulty. MIG welding is easier than TIG welding and is more commonly used today.
This article will focus on the equipment needed for MIG welding and why you should invest in them.
TIG and MIG operate on different equipment. If you're mainly working on larger and thicker materials, you should learn how to become a MIG welder. TIG welding is more often used for thinner and lighter materials. MIG welding equipment is used for more heavy-duty work than for TIG welding.
Now that you have a basic overview of the differences between MIG and TIG welding, you should also know the must-have MIG welding tools and accessories. Welding is a technical skill that will require the use of high-quality equipment. Aside from the skill itself, the MIG welding equipment you use will also affect the overall results. Here are the MIG tools you should get:
The most important component of MIG welding is the MIG welder. A MIG welder can easily join two metals together, with its base and parent metal. It has a handle with a trigger which you'd have to push, so it constantly feeds melted metal into the wire to burn and fuse the surfaces properly. The wire used in welding is the same as the wires in bike brake cables. MIG welders generate less smoke than TIG welders, meaning you don’t have to clean welding splatters every time.
MIG welders need gas to generate heat. You won't be able to weld metals together without it. The gases used for MIG welding are argon, helium, and carbon dioxide. These are popular and cheap inert gases that you can use to generate heat.
Although each gas differs from the other, they all go in one supply chamber—the MIG welding gas supply. It's possible to do MIG welding without a gas supply, but you'd have to use a flux core to melt metals instead. Flux cores cost more than gas supplies, so it may not be the best option for everyone.
If you want your welds to come out perfectly, invest in MIG welding pliers. These pliers will help clean the MIG welders' nozzle, resulting in a smooth melted metal flow. Routinely removing weld spatter can also lengthen your welders' lifespan. More than that, you can use these piers to trim excess wires and in placing and removing the nozzle. The perfect welding pliers should have a sturdy but comfortable grip. Since you're going to apply an immense and constant amount of pressure to its handles, this should be durable enough to withstand such stresses.
Clamps are one of the must-have MIG welding tools and accessories. They hold the base and parent metals in place when you're welding them together, and are made out of stainless steel for a durable hold. The clamps are adjustable and are available in different sizes; they can vary on the allowable thickness depending on their size. For thicker metals, you should get thicker clamps.
Make sure you secure the clamp in place before you start welding. This way, you can focus on the welding process instead of holding the metals together. Using welding clamps can also contribute to the cleanliness of the welded output.
Welding magnets and clamps share the same function. These both hold the metal surfaces together. If you want to tilt the metals at a particular angle, you should use welding magnets rather than clamps. Magnets are smaller, so they can fit in tighter areas. You can create 45, 90, and 135-degree angles with these.
Angle grinders are one of the most essential and versatile MIG welding accessories. An angle grinder is a handheld power tool for cutting and grinding metals. It has many functions, like cutting metal and grinding grooves. It can also remove rust and smoothen metal surfaces which all contribute to a perfect weld.
There are several things you have to consider when choosing an angle grinder. These are disc size, power source, speed, and voltage, and amperage. Out of these components, your focus should be more on the disc size. For general DIY use, you can use a 4 to 5-inch disc. For larger industrial projects, the smallest recommended disc size is 9 inches. The size of the disc is inversely proportional to its ease of use. So if you're using a 9-inch disc size, it will be a lot harder for you to grind metals with it.
Welding, particularly with MIG welding, requires numerous cautionary steps. Aside from equipment, you’ll need to weld, you also have to invest in MIG welding safety equipment. For example, an auto-darkening helmet is non-negotiable; you shouldn't pass on having this one.
Whenever you're welding, your whole face, particularly your eyes, is exposed to harmful UV radiation. It would be best to have an auto-darkening helmet to lessen your exposure and safely do the welding process. The auto-darkening feature is beneficial to welders because you don't have to adjust your helmet up and down every after welding. It doesn't only save you time, but it's more convenient as well; the helmet darkens automatically once it is exposed to light.
Welding gloves are also a part of the MIG welding accessories list. Like a welding helmet, wearing gloves is a must! Aside from your face, your whole arm is exposed to the welding materials. You are prone to getting shocked, burned, or electrocuted when welding.
These gloves should be thick enough to protect and insulate your hands from possible burns. It should also be properly fitted to allow a wide range of digit articulation. Most gloves are made from cow, deer, and pig hides, providing insulation with high durability.
Welding is an extremely loud process. Welding entails grinding metals, melting metals, and binding them together, so aside from your face, skin, and arms, you should protect your ears too! MIG welding noise is approximately at 85 to 102 decibels. Seventy decibels and below is considered to be the safe level. However, with the possible excess of 15 to 30 decibels, you will need some hearing protection during welding.
Earplugs for general use will do. But if you're welding for at least 2 hours per day, or two times a week, high-quality earmuffs will be much better. Most welders prefer earplugs because of their small size, which can fit comfortably inside helmets. The only downside of earplugs is it doesn't block the noise 100%. If you’d prefer to block the whole sound for better protection, it's best to get noise-canceling earmuffs.
If you're just starting out with the welding process, the MIG welding accessories list above will give you an idea of what you’ll need to invest in. More than the machinery, you’ll also need to purchase MIG welding safety equipment. Both are essential components in producing quality welds.
In case you’re on a budget, know that you don't have to buy these all at once. You can start with the basics, such as the MIG welding machine and safety equipment, and build your set from there.
A TIG welding cart may not be as important as a machine, but it comes in handy when you plan on moving around your machine inside your workshop. Instead of manually lifting your machine, let your MIG and TIG welding cart do the job for you. You can also use these carts to move around your tools within your workspace.
The cart must be made of strong and durable material. Also, there must be a space for gas tanks and a storage tray for accessories and smaller equipment.
Moreover, you need a cart that will last a long time because cart replacements can be expensive. You can also try a DIY Tig welding cart. But, if you choose to buy one in the stores, we have gathered the top 5 best tig welding carts that you should consider in 2021. Read on for an in-depth review.
The Yaheetech 3-Tier Welding cart is one of the best carts you could add to your welding supplies. It has enough space and partitioning to help you to store all of your tools and equipment. The raised handle allows for easy pushing and pulling, and it has safe storage in the rear.
The slanted top shelf helps keep welding controls at an easy-to-use angle. The cart is also made of sturdy metal which can hold both a welder and plasma cutter. Moreover, it has hooks and a chain in the back to keep the tank in place. The cart can manage up to 176lb or 80 kg, and it comes with two large rear wheels for enhanced stability. Overall, it’s an affordable and easy to use cart for a welder and cutter.
The Arksen Universal Welding cart can fit MIG, TIG and plasma cutter machines. It has three shelves which can store supplies, and accessories. The two front swivel casters allow for easy maneuverability, while the two fixed rear wheels help in the stability of the cart. Instead of holes, it uses chains to hold the gas tank in place. It is a good cart for DIY and hobby users.
Another cart for TIG and MIG welding is the Chicago Electric Welding cart. It is made from steel which makes it sturdy for any tools and accessories. The top shelf is tilted for easy access to welding controls and it has two additional shelves. The cart is easy to assemble, and it comes with two chains to secure the gas tank.
The Eastwood mig tig welder plasma cutter welding cart can store tools, your welder, and a plasma cutter. The welder goes at the top of the cart, the tools on the middle shelf, while the plasma cutter goes on the bottom. The top shelf also has a built-in clearance for the side access door. The cart can support up to 350 pounds and the gas bottle storage has six cut-outs to store TIG filler rods.
Lincoln is a popular brand when it comes to designing and manufacturing the best welding products; it never disappoints. So, it’s only right that we include the Lincoln Electric K2275-3 Welding Cart in the list. This cart boasts it’s simplistic yet functional design.
The cart comes with two shelves, one for the welder and the other for the tools. Although the size does not meet the usual size of welding carts, it is appropriate for small spaces, still giving you the ability to keep everything organized. Also, the cart uses a recessed hole instead of chains to hold the gas canister. It fits most gas containers, so you don’t have to worry about that. Overall, it’s a good and simplistic cart that meets your needs.
The Klutch 2-tier welding cart has a beautiful and tough-looking compact exterior that can occupy the least amount of space while holding a great deal of weight. So, if you’re looking for a cart for your small workspace, then this is your best option. The Klutch 2-Tier Welding Cart can hold shielding gas bottles with diameters of up to 7 inches and it’s cabinet allows you to store valuable belongings.
The cart has four sets of wraps on the inside to help you organize your cables and the lockbox cabinet is large enough to keep welding helmets at 13.5 inches wide, 19.5 inches long and 12 inches tall. The casters and the rear wheels are made of hard rubber. Basically, it’s a good cart for a welder who has a small workspace but wants to take on mighty projects.
There are numerous TIG welding carts you can buy, but you have to choose the one that will suit your needs. You also have to look out for the size, build, wheels, function, portability, storage and price before making a decision. The material must also be sturdy enough to carry the required weight of your equipment. The wheels must be made of rubber. Lastly, it must be able to accommodate your storage needs. So, before you pick a cart, check these criteria first.