Are you on the hunt for a worthwhile hobby to get into? Why not consider metal fabrication? Many people today transform their garage at home into a makeshift workshop where their creativity and ingenuity thrive. They can work on the much-needed repairs around the home and produce creative projects over the weekend.

But before you let the sparks fly from your home workshop, you should equip yourself with the basic know-how in metal fabrication. Aside from welders and cutters, you must regularly purchase metal fabrication consumables like flux for welding. 

But what is a flux for, and how do they work? Read more to find out what welding flux is about!

What Is Flux, And What Does It Do In The Welding Process?

If you wonder where welding flux goes in your torch, you must know that an electrode already comes with flux. But what is a flux for? 

It helps facilitate the flow of filler metal to the weld pool. Using flux as you work on your base metal improves your welds' quality. For instance, flux can make your welds cleaner depending on your welding process.

Another benefit of using flux is protecting your weld from being contaminated. The flux forms a protective shield for your weld, letting you exert better control on it. Once you're done with the weld, the flux protects it as it cools down. You can achieve stronger welds thanks to the protection provided by welding flux.

The Different Types Of Flux Available On The Market Today

flux for welding - Welder working on a base metal

Usually, the flux comes with the welding electrodes you buy for your welder. As such, when you stock up on electrodes, you don't need to worry about buying separate units of welding flux (like flux for welding stainless steel). 

Remember that welding flux comes in different types, depending on the welding process you wish to use. Read on to learn how welding flux works in different welding processes.

Stick Welding (SMAW)

Beginner metal fabricators often start their welding journey by learning the stick welding process. The welding electrodes you use in this welding process are coated with flux. 

That's why stick welding is also known as shielded metal arc welding or SMAW because the flux serves as a shield that protects the weld from atmospheric gasses.

Flux Core Arc Welding (FCAW)

Created in the 1950s, flux cored arc welding or FCAW welding introduced a better alternative to stick welding. You can use this welding process with or without shielding gas. The welding wire for flux core welding is hollow, unlike typical electrodes. This hollow space becomes filled with flux, rather than having the flux covering the electrode from the outside. 

Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)

Judging by its name alone, you might believe submerged arc welding or SMAW is done underwater. However, it refers to how the molten metal weld pool becomes submerged in granular flux. 

The flux protects the molten metal from contaminants from the outside while preventing spatter and welding fumes from going out. As such, SAW seems to be a safer and more fabricator-friendly process.

The Benefits Of Using Flux In Welding Projects

flux for welding - Closeup of a welding joint with fumes

Cleans Your Welds

Did you know that metal oxides can contaminate your welds? When your welds become contaminated with metal oxides and other impurities, the joints you make become weak, which can later be a huge problem. 

Welding flux prepares your base metal by acting as a cleaning agent so you can work on your joints without worrying about impurities and welding fumes. Stay safe from welding fumes and other welding hazards by getting yourself a set of safety gear.

Indicates Perfect Timing

If you are unsure when to put the rod in contact with the metal workpiece, you can look at the flux instead. While it's not meant to be a feature, beginner metal fabricators can check what the flux looks like while working on a metal workpiece. 

For instance, when working on Super Alloy 1, once the flux turns into a brown color, it's a sign that you can proceed with the rod.

Provides Protection

Once you're done working on your metal joints, you must clean up. Cleaning the flux is easy; you only need to brush it off the surface of your metal workpiece. You can also use warm water to make sure that no debris remains. 

The flux that remains on the metal workpiece will serve as a layer of protection against oxidation, making your project last longer.

Increases Rod Flow

Another benefit many metal fabricators often take for granted is how the flux helps your filler rod flow. The filler material inside the electrode becomes easier to work with as the flux improves its wetting action and reduces slag. 

This effect solves many quality problems that many fabricators often deal with, like welding porosity.

Tips For Troubleshooting Problems With Flux During Welding

Mistakes and the troubleshooting that follows are inevitable in metal fabrication. You get better in the craft through trial and error. Here are some things you can do to reduce the problems you may encounter during your welding projects.

Final Thoughts

Metal fabrication involves many complicated processes, such as the interaction between the welding rod and the metal workpiece. Thanks to the many advancements in the industry, producing cleaner and stronger welds has become easier than ever before. The flux for welding rods helps you achieve ideal welds for your welding project.

If you're looking for the best welding machine for your fabrication needs, head to our welder section and discover the perfect one for you.

While propane welding may seem logical, it's not an ideal option for welding. You are better off sticking with an oxy-acetylene torch kit for your welding projects.

Here are the reasons why you should avoid using propane for welding. So if you're considering using propane for your next welding project, read on – and reconsider!

1. Propane is not as hot as other welding gasses.

The main reason why you shouldn't use propane for welding is that it's not hot enough. To weld properly, you need gas that can reach extremely high temperatures – and propane just doesn't cut it.

Propane can only reach a maximum temperature of around 2,500 °F. That's not hot enough to weld steel. For comparison, oxy-acetylene torches can reach temperatures up to 6,300 °F – more than twice as hot as propane!

2. Propane can cause welds to be porous and weak.

Another reason to avoid using propane welding torches is that it can cause welds to be porous and weak. This is because propane doesn't burn as hot as other oxy-acetylene, so it doesn't create as strong of a weld.

If you're looking for a gas that will give you strong, durable welds, propane is not the way to go. Instead, stick with an oxy-acetylene torch if you want quality welds that will last.

3. Propane makes brittle welds.

In addition to causing welds to be porous and weak, propane can also make them brittle. This is because propane doesn't provide enough heat to weld metals properly, leading to incomplete fusion and a lack of strength in the weld.

Brittle welds mean that the welds are more likely to break under stress, so it's not ideal to use propane for load-bearing projects like steel beams.

4. Propane tends to produce more slag. 

Another downside of using propane for welding is that it tends to produce more slag. Slag is the byproduct after you're done welding, and it can create problems when trying to achieve a smooth, even weld.

Propane welding can also be somewhat unpredictable, making it difficult to control the heat and resulting in inconsistency between welds. For these reasons, it's generally best to avoid using propane for welding projects.

5. Propane can produce harmful fumes.

The oxygen-to-gas ratio must be within a specific range for propane to burn effectively. 

When the gas does not meet this ratio, it results in incomplete combustion, which generates excessive carbon monoxide. And if there is no adequate ventilation in the area, this can be quite hazardous to you.

If you work in a closed garage or workshop, prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning. It can be deadly if left untreated, as the poisonous gas takes the place of oxygen in the circulation.

6. Propane can get expensive.

To generate the highest possible flame temperature, it is important to understand the oxygen requirements of different fuel gasses.

Acetylene has a relatively low requirement, at 1.2 to 1. This means that for every volume of acetylene used, only 1.2 volume of oxygen is required. On the other hand, propane has a higher requirement of 4.3 to 1. This means that for every volume of propane used, 4.3 volume of oxygen is required.

Propane is a cheaper fuel than acetylene, making it a more economical choice for welding projects—on the surface. However, a propane welding torch kit uses more oxygen than an oxy-acetylene torch kit, so the overall cost of using a propane kit can be higher.

7. Propane is dangerous to store and use.

Propane is a highly combustible gas, which makes it dangerous to store and use. So if a propane tank is exposed to heat or flame, it can explode, causing serious injury or even death.

It's also heavier than air, so it will sink and accumulate in explosive concentrations. For these reasons, propane is not ideal for welding. There are other gasses less volatile and easier to store and use safely.

propane welding - a welder using a torch

Best Applications of Propane Torches

Despite the many drawbacks of using a propane welding machine, there are still some applications where it may be a great choice.


Brazing is a type of welding that uses a filler metal to join two pieces of metal together. The filler metal has a low melting point, so it can be melted and fused without melting the base metals.


Soldering is another type of welding that uses a filler metal like brazing. The only difference is that soldering happens at temperatures below 840°F (450°C), while brazing is above that temperature.

Soldering is typically used to join smaller pieces of metal together, such as electronic components.

Cutting Metal

Propane torches can be used to cut metal like oxy-acetylene torches. When using a propane torch for cutting, hold it slightly higher to use the outer flame cone to preheat the metal faster. This is because most of the heat is accumulated there.

Use an Oxy-Acetylene Torch Kit Instead for Welding

Propane is not the best choice for welding due to its many drawbacks. While propane torches have their uses, they're not the best for welding projects. However, there are still some applications where it may be a great choice, such as brazing, soldering, and cutting metal.

If you're looking for a safe and better tool for welding, an oxy-acetylene torch kit is a better option. Browse our product reviews to find the best torch kit for your next welding project!

A sudden power outage is frustrating when you're in the middle of tasks. If your place has constant power interruptions, having a portable power station will come in handy. Your tools and appliances can run on the electricity produced by these generator machines.

So we've picked the best generator for individuals who use it daily. This generator can run different construction tools like cutters, welding machines, and torches. Consequently, you can continue working even without a power source. Let's take a more detailed review of the Champion Power 4500-watt inverter. 

What Is an Inverter Generator? 

As a backup power source, inverter generators are relatively new on the market. A conventional generator is still reliable for the longest time. Still, inverters are more efficient and consistent than traditional ones. Here are some practical differences between inverter generators that make them a better choice. 

champion 4500-watt portable inverter generator

Features of the Champion Power 4500-Watt Inverter Portable Generator

Let's get into detail with this inverter generator review to know if it's worth the purchase. 

Output Ports 

The Champion 4500-watt power equipment generator is equipped with 120V AC 3-prong receptacles, a USB port, and a 12V DC outlet for RVs and automobiles. The generator receptacles are standard, so you won't need to use adapters. Furthermore, the generator outlets have covers to protect them from external damage. 

Dual Fuel Feature 

This inverter can run on gasoline and propane, which makes it convenient because these fuel options are easily available anywhere. 

The generator dual fuel feature also has an impressive tank capacity. The generator can hold up to 2.4 gallons of gasoline, which is equivalent to 14 hours of running power working at 25% capacity. With a 20-pound propane tank, the generator has a run time of 21 hours. You can use the machine for almost one whole day at this capacity. 

Furthermore, you can double the power of your Champion generator by purchasing a set of parallel kits. Champion parallel kits are cheaper alternatives instead of buying another generator for more power. 

Engine Specifications 

The Champion 4500-watt generator has a 212cc 4-stroke engine. There are two ways to start the generator. The first one is the more traditional method using the manual recoil. One to two pulls should do the trick to start your generator. 

The second approach is easier to use and more practical. The machine features an electric start with EZ dial, which starts engine operations with a single and smooth twist. Furthermore, there are options to configure the engine speed depending on the power requirement. 

These configurations also come with benefits. It can decrease fuel consumption and lessen engine noise and wear, ultimately leading to a long-lasting generator. 

Ease of Use 

Let's say you need to change the oil to use your generator. You don't need to run to a service station. The generator has an oil panel that is easily accessible and removable for easy oil changing. No need for a tool to remove the oil panel. Simply flip the dial lock, and it will come right off. 

The battery is located on the opposite side of the generator, along with the air filters, spark plug, and carburetor. All the battery connections are labeled, so you won't have to guess where the cords go. The battery is also easily accessible, so no need to remove the whole battery panel to make configurations. 

Champion Power Equipment Features 

The brand added some features which make the Champion power equipment different from other inverter generators. First, the machine comes with a wireless remote. This wireless feature is rare on generators. You can turn on and off your generator up to 80 feet away. 

The generator has a power meter where you can easily check the frequency, voltage, and machine run time. It also features an economy mode that analyses the machine power usage to assess the engine's wear and tear. 

Lastly, Champion provides a 3-year limited warranty for all their models and a lifetime technical assistance from the brand's experts. 

open frame portable inverter generator

Drawbacks of the Champion Power 4500-Watt Inverter Portable Generator 

The 4500-watt Champion generator has many impressive features and is a must-have backup power supply. But before running to spend your hard-earned money on this generator, you may want to know the potential drawback you may encounter with this generator. 

Price Point 

Generally, inverter generators are more expensive than standard generators, so be ready to spend a few hundred dollars. The Champion 4500-watt model comes with a hefty price tag of $830. You may want to consider other brand models, like the Champion 3400-watt inverter generator. 

The lower running watts, the lesser the price. Check out their other models to see what suits your needs and budget. 

Frame and Noise Reduction 

You can hear the difference between the standard generator and this inverter. However, many users say that, as an inverter, it still produces a significant noise level. Other inverter generators are quieter compared to this brand. 

Also, the Champion 4500-watt model does not have an open frame design. Open frame designs are more efficient in preventing the generator from overheating. It is also convenient for accessing panels and switches. Although the cover gives an extra layer of protection, some users find it a nuisance. 


Is the Champion 4500-watt inverter generator a worthy candidate for a home backup power supply? We'll give this brand a thumbs-up. It has a power outlet compatible with devices around the household, power tools, and for automobiles. More so, it can run to different fuel types and has a wireless remote that is rare for generators. 

This inverter generator is worth the investment. But if you still want to consider other brands to expand your choice, we got you! Head on to our blogs for inverter generator reviews and other reviews on construction tools like welding machines, safety gears, and accessories.

Beginner welders would assume that all welding electrodes are for heavy-duty fabrications. Surprisingly, some welding rods, like the 6013, are meant for beginners. 

But what can a 6013 welding rod do for your fabrication? 

Quite a lot! In this post, we'll look into the 6013 rod for welding and what sorts of projects it is best suited for. So, whether you're a welding hobbyist or a construction worker looking to learn more about this popular welding rod, read on!


The American Welding Society classifies different welding rods based on their durability, versatility, and composition. They used alphanumeric codes to differentiate these electrodes. As for the 6013 electrodes, here are their key features.

Tensile Strength

Tensile strength is a property to consider when assessing the suitability of your welding rod. You can tell an electrode's tensile strength by how much force you need to break it. The higher the tensile strength, the harder and more resistant it is to damage or breakage.

By looking at the first two digits of the 6013 electrodes, you'll know it has 60,000 psi of maximum tensile strength, which has similar maximum tensile strength as the 6010, 6011, 6012, and 7018 electrodes.

Welding Position

To determine the position that your welding electrode can do, look at the third digit. As for the 6013 stick welding rod, welding hobbyists can use this in any position, making it ideal for welding in hard-to-reach places. 

Plus, you can do overhead or vertical welding without cracking issues or difficulty in weld puddle control.

Coating and Current Type

The fourth digit tells you the type of flux coating and power supply of welding electrodes. 6013 welding rods have high titania potassium. Plus, you use this welding rod with your welding equipment with a direct or alternating current.


Many welders choose the E6013 rod because it is relatively easy to use. Thus, many call it the easy rod or the beginner's rod. But one downside is that it only penetrates the metal surface to a shallow depth.

This shallow penetration can be a problem if you are trying to weld two pieces of metal together with different thicknesses. The 6013 welding rod may not penetrate deep enough to create a strong bond. 

In these cases, it is necessary to use a different welding rod that can penetrate to a greater depth. Otherwise, the weld metal will not be as strong and could fail.

Nevertheless, you can weld using the 6013 welding rod on various thin sheet metals like mild steel. It's suitable for light to medium penetration for different welding projects.


Weld using a 6013 rod with minimal spatter

The 6013 welding electrode provides excellent arc stability, low spatter, and excellent slag removal. You can weld at a fast or a slow rate and still create smooth root pass welds with minimal spatter. It is suitable for all welding positions, including vertical and overhead.

6013 stick welding rods are commonly used in general fabrication because they offer a variety of benefits. They are often used in manufacturing truck frame bodies and metal furniture because they provide excellent welding properties, including high deposition rates and light spatter levels.

They are also often used in storage tanks and farm implementations because they offer good penetration and can be used on thin material. Additionally, 6013 electrodes are often used where aesthetics are of grave importance because they produce quality welds with a clean look.

How to Make Perfect Welds With the 6013 Stick Welding Rod

Vertical, overhead, or horizontal welding positions aren't an issue with this electrode. Neither is the current type you use. It's pretty easy to create smooth and flat beads that other common electrodes have difficulty making.

Unfortunately, it is still possible to make undercuts and slags that are hard to remove. Here are a few tips to get the best welds with your 6013 electrodes.

Set the Right Amperage

The amperage (or current) determines the heat applied to the parent weld. For the 6013 rods, it's good to start at around 40-80 amps. Then, adjust according to the thickness of the material being welded.

If your amperage is too low, you might notice a few things. First, your electrode will be especially sticky when striking an arc. The low amperage means your welding rod is not generating enough heat to vaporize the metal of the electrode, so it just sticks to the workpiece.

Second, your arc will keep going out. The arc isn't hot enough to melt through the metal being welded, so it just keeps cooling off and going out. Finally, the slag pockets on your weld mean the arc isn't hot enough to sustain itself, so it keeps flickering on and off, creating these tiny imperfections.

Keep a Good Work Angle

The electrode should be held at a 20-degree angle from the welded material. Doing so will create a strong arc and push the slag to the back of the weld puddle where it can't get ahead of your weld and cause weld defects. Plus, the angle allows the maximum amount of heat to be transferred to the material, resulting in a stronger weld.

If the electrode is held at a shallow angle, the heat will not be evenly distributed, and the weld will be weaker. Moreover, too steep of an angle will cause the electrode to stick to the material, making it difficult to create a smooth weld.

Frequently Asked Questions

#1. Is There Another Classification of 6013 Welding Electrode?

When welding, there are three main types of electrodes that can be used: fast-freeze, fast-fill, and fill-freeze. Each type has features to be considered before selecting an electrode.

The 6013 electrode is considered a fast-fill electrode. Thus, you can increase your welding speed. You can also create quality penetration with easy-to-remove slag.

#2. Are There Drawbacks of Using the 6013 Welding Electrode?

The 6013 is quite easy to use and clean up. But it does have its quirks. First, it has low penetration, so it's only suitable for thin metal sheets. It will also create weak welds if you weld on painted or rusty metal surfaces.

#3. How Do You Store Your 6013 Welding Electrodes?

When it comes to welding rods, proper storage is essential to maintaining their quality and preventing them from becoming damaged. 6013 electrodes should always be stored in an environment with humidity below 50%. Furthermore, these classes of electrodes should be stored in an oven between 100 to 150 degrees Fahrenheit.

#4. What Is the Best 6013 Welding Rod Brand?

The best brand of 6013 welding rod would be the economical Forney 303305 E6013 because of its excellent wetting action and steady arc. Their welding rods are available in 5/64", 3/32", 1/8", and 5/32" diameter.

#5. What Is the Difference Between the 6011 and the 6013 Welding Rod?

The 6011 and 6013 welding rods are both commonly used for general-purpose welding, but there are some key differences between them.

The 6011 welding rod is a high cellulose sodium rod that works well on dirty or rusty metals . It also has deep penetration to work with thick sections of metal. Meanwhile, the 6013 welding rod is a low penetrating rod best suited for welding clean sheet metal. It produces a smoother bead than the 6011 welding rods and is less likely to cause porosity.

#6. How About the 6013 vs. the 7018 Welding Electrodes?

The 6013 electrodes are generally considered easier to use than 7018 electrodes. They produce less smoke and spatter, and they're more tolerant of imperfections in the base metal. 

However, 7018 electrodes produce a stronger weld than 6013 electrodes due to their tensile strength. Given that the 7018 is a low hydrogen electrode, your welds will not be prone to hydrogen cracking.

#7. What Are Alternatives to the 6013 Welding Rod?

6013 is a beginner-friendly rod due to its light penetration and minimal slag. But if you need an electrode that creates deeper weld joints, consider the 6011 rods since both have the same tensile strength, current types, and welding position.


So there you have it–a few key features of the 6013 welding rod and some ideas on how to use it. If you're looking for an electrode that can make beautiful, clean welds, the 6013 is a great option. 

For more information on welding rods and other welding electrodes, check out our other guides here at Welding Buddy. Happy welding!

Nothing is quite like the satisfaction of creating something with your hands. And when it comes to welding, there are two basic but essential techniques to master: forehand and backhand welding. Do you need to learn both, or is mastering one enough?

In this blog post, we'll discuss using the forehand and backhand welding techniques for your welding projects. Which one is better?

Backhand Welding

The backhand technique in welding is also called pull welding, wherein you drag your welding torch opposite your weld puddle. The rule of thumb for this technique is to angle your welding torch about 45 degrees from your weld zone and your arc directed to the molten metal. 

For example, if you're right-handed, the direction of your weld progression would be towards your right. Meanwhile, you're adding your filler metal or electrode using your left hand. You might have seen this welding technique in most welding tutorials. That's because the weld puddle is visible this way for welding enthusiasts to see. 

Why Should I Use Backhand Welding Technique?

Is this welding technique applicable only to gas welding? It doesn't. In fact, you can use this with most types of welding, such as flux-cored arc welding and gas metal arc welding. But asides from its versatility, you can get the welds due to these pros: 

Ideal Backhand Welding Positions 

Now that you understand the definition of the backhand welding technique, it's time to know where this welding technique is ideally used. This method may not be suitable for beginners, but you can create excellent finished welds on flat or horizontal positions. 

Since backhand welding produces a strong arc, this ensures that your flat welds will be evenly heated. Though, you can also backhand weld in other positions, provided that you have mastered this technique.

Forehand Welding

If there is pull welding, there's the opposite–the push or the forehand welding technique. With forehand welding, your welding electrode goes first, then your welding torch afterward. The torch is also at a 65-degree angle from the slag. 

If you're right-handed, the direction of your weld will be to the left. So think of it as following the line instead of keeping track of your weld puddle. 

Why Should I Use Forehand Welding Technique?

This method is a good starting point for beginners because you can see the weld zone. But you can reap other benefits from mastering this welding technique.

Ideal Forehand Welding Positions 

When it comes to welding, there are a few different positions that you can be in. However, the vertical and overhead positions are the two most ideal in forehand welding.  

The vertical position is when the welding electrode is pointing upwards. Meanwhile, the overhead position is when the welding electrode is pointing downwards. Both positions are ideal for forehand welding because they provide the best control over tracing the weld zone, preventing damage to the surrounding metal.

Importance of Welding Techniques

Welder using backhand technique welding

Both techniques require a lot of practice to master, but they are essential for any welder who wants to produce high-quality work. 

Forehand welding is generally considered easier than backhand welding since your weld zone is more visible. However, backhand welding has several advantages:

  1. It allows the welder to see the weld pool more clearly, which helps to prevent defects.
  2. It produces a narrower and deeper weld bead, which can be important for certain fabrications.
  3. Backhand welding is less likely to distort the workpiece since the heat is applied from one side only. 

Although forehand and backhand welding are both important techniques, many welders tend to favor one over the other. Some welders learn both techniques and use them depending on the specific application.

Final Thoughts 

So, is the backhand welding technique better than the forehand welding technique? The answer to that question is subjective. 

Some welders may prefer the backhand method because it gives them more control over the weld puddle and allows them to weld more aesthetically-pleasing welds. Others may find that the forehand welding technique is easier for them. Ultimately, it's up to you to decide what works best on your welding projects. 

That said, we hope this article has helped you become more familiar with both techniques and given you some things to think about when deciding which one to use. For more information on welding techniques and other helpful tips, explore our other articles here at Welding Buddy!

Not all welding rods are created equal. 

In fact, there is more than one type of welding rod on the market, each with its own unique set of benefits and limits, such as having one polarity and current. While others can work with any welding machine despite its different current type.

In this blog, we'll talk about 6011 stick welding and its various uses. We will also learn its features, uses, drawbacks, and proper storage of this rod. Let's explore!  


The 6011 welding electrode is one of the most used rods for welding because of its practical features. What are the characteristics of this welding rod that makes it dependable? 

60,000 Tensile Strength

Only two tensile strengths are available in common electrode rods: 60,000 and 70,000. And the first two digits of this electrode (60) tell you that your final weld can withstand 60,000 psi (pounds per inch). 

All Positions

You can tell this by looking at the third digit of the electrode. In this case, 1 means all positions. So 6011 welding rod uses are for all kinds of positions: flat, overhead, vertically up or down. It means that you weld vertically downwards without creating weld defects or burning through your material.

High-Cellulose Potassium Coating, 

The last two digits of your welding rod will tell you what type of coating it has so you can determine which current it can work with. For 6011 welding electrodes, it has a high-cellulose coating of potassium. 

Being a potassium-based rod, this welding electrode can be used for any welding current: AD, DC+, and DC-. This means that this welding electrode is versatile to work with any polarity, and you would still produce nice welds. 

6011 Welding Rod Amperage Chart 

Aside from learning its characteristics, you still have to consider the thicknesses of welding rods. Remember that thicker rods can penetrate heavy steel. Meanwhile, thinner rods are for lightweight metals and small welds. If you don't follow this concept, you'll either have poor penetration, excessive spatter, or undercuts

Check out this chart for more accurate amperage. 

Diameter (inches) Diameter (mm)Amperage range
7/325.6 160-250

Best 6011 Rod Uses and Techniques

Welding car rims with a 6011 electrode

While it's best to weld on clean and shiny metals, getting everything clean is not your only option. With the 6011 welding rod, you can weld dirty, rusty, and painted metals, making it ideal for auto body repairs, shipbuilding, or pipe welding. 

The 6011 rod is also good for tack welding. With tack welding, you need a very small weld, so it wouldn't be visible when you do the final weld. In addition, the 6011 rods can create small tacks and slight slag that you can easily clean off. 

Given that the 6011 rods have deep penetration, it helps if you can use some torch techniques to control your weld pool. There are two techniques to manipulate your weld:


The 6011 rod's versatility comes with a few drawbacks:

Where to Store Your 6011 Rods

If you're the proud owner of some 6011 rods, you might be wondering where to store them. After all, you want to ensure they're always in top condition, ready to be used for welding projects. Here are proper care tips for stowing away your 6011 rods.

These simple tips ensure your 6011 rods are always stored properly and in top condition.


Every project has different specifications to achieve the desired weld. Although the 6011 welding rod is made for general purposes, the drawbacks of this practical rod may limit your welds. Check out some alternative electrodes to cover the weaknesses of e6011. 


All in all, 6011 welding rods are a great all-around electrode. No matter what welding machine or metal you have, you can assure this stick electrode can get the job done. With the right amperage and technique, you can use this versatile rod for numerous repairs and fabrication. 

If you're looking for other alternatives and reviews, check out our other buying guides at Welding Buddy. Happy welding!

Beginners and seasoned welders alike face several health risks when working, including burns, radiation exposure, and lung damage, to name some. This is because of their exposure to electricity, gasses, and heat in the workplace, which may seem harmless at first, but can cause irreparable health damages later. 

Secure your health as you enjoy your craft by knowing the risks welding poses and how you can protect yourself from suffering them. First, let us take a closer look at welding eye burn and the different health risks welders like your face. We'll also discuss how to protect yourself from these dangers.

Welder's Eye Burn and Different Health Risks

Whether you weld as a hobby or as work, knowing the health risks allows you to be extra careful. You'll see your work as something that brings you joy but also something you should do with caution and protection. Here are some of the health risks of welding.

Damage to the Senses

When arc, TIG, or MIG welding, the eyes, ears, nose, and skin are exposed to electricity, gas, and UV light. Some common eye injuries welders suffer are dry eye, ocular melanoma/cancer of the eye and arc eye/welding eye burn/flash burn or damaged cornea. Inability to notice the red flags may lead to blurred vision, vision changes, and even vision loss.

The ears suffer, too, especially with the loud grinding and cutting noise machines produce. Metal spatters and workplace heat can harm the skin. The welding fumes suspended in the air can also harm the nose and throat without the proper protective equipment. 

Respiratory Diseases

Arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, nickel, and other gasses fill the workplace air that can enter the nose and bring illness to the lungs. These respiratory illnesses often occur in welders:

And the list goes on! So it would be best to have a checkup if you experience shortness and difficulty breathing, coughing, and wheezing.

Neurological Ill Effects

Even the brain can be affected by the chemicals present in the workplace and bring about neurological damages like Parkinson's disease and encephalopathy. 

Parkinson's disease has symptoms like uncontrollable movements and stiffness of the muscles. A person may also have a hard time having physical balance and coordination. 

Meanwhile, encephalopathy is a generic term for brain damage. While it has many causes, exposure to welding chemicals is one of them.

Digestive System Issues

Even the digestive system is affected when a welder inhales harmful welding fumes. If you experience constant vomiting, nausea, indigestion, and feeling of fullness, you may be suffering from chronic gastritis of the swelling of the stomach lining. 

The stomach can be inflamed and have gastroduodenitis, and welders can suffer small intestine and stomach ulcers too. So, any digestive tract issues are red flags.

Reproductive Health Risks

Various chemicals present in welding materials can cause harm to the reproductive system when inhaled. Boron can cause testicular atrophy, lowering sperm count and testosterone levels. 

Meanwhile, chromium and cadmium affect the movement and concentration of spermatozoids and lower testosterone levels. 

Kidney diseases

Chromium isn't only notorious for causing infertility to welders and is the main reason welders suffer from kidney diseases and cancer. Exposure to cadmium from fumes also brings about renal tubular dysfunction. 

These two chemicals are the main causes of kidney illness, but with other substances on fumes, the ill effects could even be worse. 

welding eye burn treatment

Wellness in Focus: Staying Healthy Amid the Hustle

The plenty of risks welding brings may sound daunting. Nevertheless, note that the risks only occur due to irresponsibility in the workplace and lack of knowledge of these risks. 

Hence, awareness of the dangers and the proper way to drive them off will help greatly. Here are the ways to stay safe and healthy amid the welding hustle.

Employer Responsibility

If you work in a welding company or run one, know that occupational safety is the employer's responsibility. To do so, employers should prioritize creating well-planned ventilation for the work area to keep welding fumes and gasses out of the workplace as much as possible. 

The provision of proper welding attires that protect welders is also their responsibility. Employers are also to check that all tools they have in the workplace are in optimum condition to avoid any accidents.

Welder Knowledge

As a welder, you should always put your safety first. If you work in a welding company, complying with the safety rules and standards is the first way to do so. You will be required to perform a workplace and tools regularly check, so do this task with diligence. 

This ensures everything around you, especially the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) you wear, is in excellent condition.

Quality PPEs and RPEs

Here are all the PPEs and RPEs that ensure eye protection, safety from chemical fumes, and workplace accidents. 

Invest in quality PPEs and RPEs as they will save you from spending money on welding eye burn treatment, welding eye burn relief, and other treatments for welder health issues. PPEs and RPEs will serve as your shield to avoid any of the risks above.

Regular Checkups

Prevention is always better than cure. So, to know if you are healthy or if there are red flags you need to address, go on regular checkups. Some companies have annual health checkups, so make the most of it. You can also visit health clinics independently.

Some essential procedures you should have are chest and lung x-rays to check your heart and lungs. Doctors may also issue blood tests to check if the kidney and other organs of the body are healthy. 

Prioritize Your Wellness

Welding is a beautiful craft, so many are still driven to try it despite the risks. Just make sure to be aware of the work's risks for welders like you. There are many different types and degrees of risk, and you need to be aware of them and take steps to protect yourself. Remember that employers are responsible for providing their employees with quality safety gear and information about how to stay healthy while welding. Welders also need to be proactive in taking care of their health by getting regular checkups, wearing proper protective gear, and being mindful of the dangers of welding.

If you need more information about welding risks and safety, PPEs, and which machines are the best. Feel free to explore our website! We have more informative articles for you!

It is normal for every beginner to have so many questions because of their curiosity, desire to achieve excellent output, and assurance of a safe workplace. If you are starting your journey in using cutting machines, you must be in search of answers, from how to set up a plasma cutter to what the most exciting projects and output you can make from the machine.

Don’t worry; we got you! Let us provide you details you need by teaching you how to set up a plasma cutting machine and answer frequently asked questions about plasma cutting. So, prepare your notes; you will get the explanation you need today!

1. How do you set up a plasma cutter?

Like any machine, a plasma cutter has several wires, buttons, and ports that are mind-boggling for new eyes. However, this step-by-step process can help you get started!

Step 1: Look for a clean workspace.

Step 2: Plug in the plasma cutter power cable.

Step 3: Attach the air hose to the air compressor port.

Step 4: Turn the machine on.

Step 5: Set your desired amperage and cutting type through the dials in front of the machine.

Step 6: Get the metal you will cut ready by attaching the work clamp.

Step 7: Prepare the torch and check if it works.

Step 8: You can now begin cutting.

Just a reminder to always turn off the machine after working to avoid fires and work accidents.

2. What is plasma cutting?

So, what is a plasma cutter, and what makes it different from other welders? As the name suggests, it creates precise cuts on steel, aluminum, copper, and different metal types. To do so, the machine uses a combination of electricity and compressed air to create a hot plasma.

It can cut through thin and thick metals as long as you set the machine correctly. When icons represent the different cutting modes, check out the machine manual to know what the symbols mean for you to choose correctly.

3. What output can you make using a plasma cutter?

You can do many things with this machine, from the classic personal projects at home to farm repairs and machine maintenance. The machine will also help widen your services if you have a welding business.

Nevertheless, one of the most famous and well-loved functions you can use the plasma cutter with is for installation art. The seamless cuts the machine can do allows you to create lines and curves and bring about eloquent metal art.

4. What safety attire should you wear when plasma cutting?

Just like any welding activities, you are also required to wear safety attire when plasma cutting. So, aside from the machine, invest in a plasma welding helmet for eye, face, and neck protection.

When plasma cutting, metal sparks can fly off left and right, so keeping your hair neat and covered with a welding beanie and your arms and legs with a welding jacket and jeans can give your body parts the protection they need. Also, pick boots designed to withstand heat and protect your feet from sparks and falling metals.

5. What should I look for to get the best plasma cutting machine?

Get a plasma cutter with complete accessories from the hose, torch, tips, clamp, and the machine itself. Having the entire set ensures all parts perfectly fit into the machine.

Check out the voltage capacity of the plasma cutter. A dual voltage machine is handy as it gives you more flexibility in amperage adjustments, allowing you to work on thin and thick metals.

There are also plasma cutters available that are lightweight, which are beneficial to own because of their portability. You can carry it with ease and work anywhere.

6. Do cheap plasma cutters work?

It won’t hurt to try our bang-for-buck plasma cutters as long as you see the features above satisfied. In truth, you can find efficient plasma cutters costing less than $200 on many eCommerce sites. If you are trying plasma cutting out to see if it is a craft that fits you, cheap plasma cutters are okay.

Nevertheless, if you see yourself plasma cutting in the next years to come, going for slightly more expensive machines is also worth it. Usually, these machines have investment-worthy features like a dual voltage, automatic amperage adjustment, complete parts, and digitized settings.

Lincoln Electric, Miller, and Hobart are some of the reliable plasma cutter brands you can check.

Enlightened and Plasma Cutting Ready

Invest in the best plasma cutters and set them up correctly for safe and efficient work. With the machine capable of cutting through different metals, thick or thin, your imagination is the limit on how you will use it. So, set up your machine now as home and farm repairs and installation art projects await!If you need more information on how to set up a CNC plasma cutter or are looking for the best plasma cutters, feel free to check out our reviews and buying guides, we have plenty of dependable machines for you!

Welding opens up a new possibility for you to create cool projects at home. But it's somehow unfulfilling to squander your money away on an expensive welding table. So, how can you strike a compromise between your passion and your budget? 

Create your personal welding table! This DIY solution will give you a sturdier, reliable surface to achieve high-quality welding production for a fraction of the cost. Best of all, you can customize this welding table to fit your specific needs and workspace.

Wondering how to start? This article outlines how to build your own welder's table together with some tips and advice on maintaining its maximum efficiency and comfort. 

Welder's Table Explained

Some of you might be asking, "Is it really necessary to have a table like this? Can't I work on another surface?" 

Welders have a dedicated table they use for welding projects, and this is not the simple table you think it is. A welder's table is usually made out of steel or another heavy-duty material durable to work on. It comes with a smooth surface and a center hole for a welder to access its ground wire.

This welding surface has a vise or clamp to secure their workpiece and prevent them from moving around while working. In addition, welding tables have some storage systems where the welder can keep their tools and materials organized. 

Most importantly, welders have to trust their work on a dedicated welding table that provides a solid, level platform to prevent accidents while working.

Building a DIY Welding Table

Buying a commercial welding table can assure the precision and quality of your work. Sadly, most welding tables are expensive and hard to find. That is why many welders are opting to build their welding tables.

There is a lot of debate in the welding community if it is unacceptable to create your DIY welding table. Some argue that it is dangerous to weld on a table not designed specifically for that purpose. They point out that homemade welding tables often don't have the safety precautions to protect the welder from fumes and sparks. 

On the other hand, many welders have successfully built their tables and argue that it is perfectly safe as long as you take the necessary precautions.

Tips Before Creating a DIY Welder's Table

How will you build a DIY table that will make you safe and sound? Here are some ideas to think about.

Steps During the DIY Welding Process

diy welders table - welding during the process of creating DIY welder's table

Now that we know what to prepare for your DIY welding table, it is time to unleash your artistry and show off some style. Here are the steps to create your personalized welding table.

  1. First, gather all the materials you will need. This includes a sheet of steel or aluminum (depending on your preference), some bolts, washers, angle iron, nuts, and a welding machine. You will also need a drill, drill bits, and a hand saw or power saw.
  1. Cut the metals. The size will be determined by the type of welder you have and the amount of space available in your workshop.
  1. Start welding them together by attaching the legs to the steel plate using welds along the outside edge. Then, add crossbars between the legs for extra support. 
  1. Drill a large hole in the top piece of metal and bolt the legs to the tabletop.
  1. Use the angle iron to construct the table frame. These are used to keep your workpiece in place while welding. 
  1. Attach a piece of sheet metal or another flat surface to the top of the table. This will be your work surface, so make sure it is large enough to accommodate your projects. You can either weld this piece in place or use bolts and nuts to hold it down. 
  1. Add some storage. Welding projects often generate a lot of small pieces and tools, so it is helpful to have somewhere to keep everything organized. You can either build shelves into the table or add detached shelves that you can move around.
  1. Install heavy-duty casters wheels. This will make it easier to move the table around your workspace and can withstand the table's weight as well as your welding equipment.

That's it! With a bit of effort, you can create a great workspace that will make all of your welding projects easier.

How To Take Care of Your Welding Table

Like any other piece of equipment, a welding table requires some basic maintenance to keep it in good working condition. Here are some aftercare suggestions: 

Create Your Project Like A Pro

All in all, building a DIY welding table is the way to go if you want a sturdy and long-lasting welding table within a limited budget. With a few simple tools and some hard work, you can have an amazing workspace in no time. Remember to take your time during the preparation process and follow our guide carefully. 

If you get stuck or have any questions, don't hesitate to browse more of our website. We have tons of helpful resources and articles related to welding tables, welding items, and more!

Welders have often been called the new knights of the industrial age because of their ability to endure the extreme dangers of welding, like burns, respiratory irritation, or exposure to welding fumes. 

However, this still comes with a price even though their body can tolerate it—including their eyesight.

This mishap can lead to severe painful injuries like corneal flash burns. We will cover all you need to know about this type of eye injury and how you should be aware of this hazard. We will also help you to take action to protect yourself if you have ever experienced one.

Inside the Welder's Eyes: An Overview of Corneal Flash Burns

The cornea is the eye's thin, protective outer layer that sends reflections to the retina. When light hits the cornea, it triggers a reflexive contraction of the pupil to limit the number of light rays that enter the eye. 

But sometimes, that process does not go smoothly, and the new cells don't line up correctly due to too much light exposure. This is where the burning or stinging sensation of the eye occurs, leading to eye problems like corneal flash burns.

Primarily, ultraviolet rays are the biggest villain of welders. These are electromagnetic waves with a shorter wavelength than visible light. UV photons are classified into three types: 

UVC rays are the most dangerous. However, UVA and UVB rays are all present in the UV arc that causes pain to the skin and eyes, leading to corneal burns, cataracts, and other vision problems. 

In addition to ultraviolet lights, welding fumes contribute to corneal flash burns. These are tiny particles of metal created when welding or soldering. They have a higher chance of getting lodged in the eyes and irritating them.

Possible Indications of Corneal Flash Burns

There are always bad signs during welding. And, when it comes to our eyes, the consequences can be disastrous. So it is important to identify the symptoms if you experience a corneal flash burn to remove the gritty feeling in your eyes and get the necessary treatment. 

Although that can vary depending on the intensity and duration of exposure, the symptoms of this eye burn typically include the following:

Most individuals recover from corneal flash burns without long-term consequences if they receive immediate care. Nonetheless, you need to take efforts to protect your eyes from UV rays to avoid this type of harm in the future.

Welder's Flash Eye Treatments: 6 Ways to Reduce Eye Pain

welders flash - Closeup view of old man applying eye drop

Welders' flashes can be extremely hazardous to your eyes, but there is hope. You only need the right equipment and precautions taken in order not only to protect yourself from injury but also to ensure that you do not lose vision forever. 

Here are some recommendations for relieving eye discomfort:

1. Take action right away.

The first approach to eliminating the threat is to flush your eyes with clean, cool water for at least 15 minutes. This action will help soothe the burning sensation and remove any irritants lingering on your eyeballs.

2. Avoid rubbing your eyes.

It is necessary to avoid rubbing or touching your eye once you experience any of these symptoms. It can further damage the cornea and prolong the healing process. Instead, try to blink frequently or press a cool, damp cloth against your eye. 

3. Apply an eye patch or eye shield.

Do not attempt to remove any foreign objects stuck in your eye. Alternatively, apply an eye patch or shield to protect the injured eye from further irritation. 

4. Take an over-the-counter pain reliever.

You should take medications like Ibuprofen to reduce the intense pain of your burning eyes.

5. Wear personal protective equipment.

There are available safety gears that you can use for your welding. Welding glasses, for example, are specially designed to protect your eyes from the bright light, fumes, and particles produced during welding. 

A welding hood can also conceal your whole head and face. This light-blocking protective covering is constructed of dark material. It also has a lens on a welding hood that filters out harmful UV rays.

6. Visit an eye doctor.

Doctors will typically recommend using an artificial tear or a steroid eye drop to reduce inflammation and promote healing. In some circumstances, antibiotic eye drops may be prescribed to prevent infection. 

With adequate care, most people recover completely from corneal flash burns within a week or two. It is imperative, though, to follow your doctor's recommendations and use the prescribed therapies until your eyes are entirely healed.

With the help of these welder's flash burn treatments, you can continue welding without fear of damaging your vision.

Escape the Red Sights, Follow the Hazards Control

Welders are at risk of developing corneal flash burns. These eye injuries can be painful and lead to long-term visual difficulties if not treated properly. That is why welders need to know what causes them and how their symptoms should look to ensure they get a welder's flash treatment quickly.

Here at Welding Buddy, we recognize the importance of welding safety and want to make sure that all welders have the best chance of recovering from ocular flash burns. If you wanna know more about the welding process and hazards, browse more of our website and check our reviews to help keep you safe while welding.