Are you on the hunt for a worthwhile hobby to get into? Why not consider metal fabrication? Many people today transform their garage at home into a makeshift workshop where their creativity and ingenuity thrive. They can work on the much-needed repairs around the home and produce creative projects over the weekend.

But before you let the sparks fly from your home workshop, you should equip yourself with the basic know-how in metal fabrication. Aside from welders and cutters, you must regularly purchase metal fabrication consumables like flux for welding. 

But what is a flux for, and how do they work? Read more to find out what welding flux is about!

What Is Flux, And What Does It Do In The Welding Process?

If you wonder where welding flux goes in your torch, you must know that an electrode already comes with flux. But what is a flux for? 

It helps facilitate the flow of filler metal to the weld pool. Using flux as you work on your base metal improves your welds' quality. For instance, flux can make your welds cleaner depending on your welding process.

Another benefit of using flux is protecting your weld from being contaminated. The flux forms a protective shield for your weld, letting you exert better control on it. Once you're done with the weld, the flux protects it as it cools down. You can achieve stronger welds thanks to the protection provided by welding flux.

The Different Types Of Flux Available On The Market Today

flux for welding - Welder working on a base metal

Usually, the flux comes with the welding electrodes you buy for your welder. As such, when you stock up on electrodes, you don't need to worry about buying separate units of welding flux (like flux for welding stainless steel). 

Remember that welding flux comes in different types, depending on the welding process you wish to use. Read on to learn how welding flux works in different welding processes.

Stick Welding (SMAW)

Beginner metal fabricators often start their welding journey by learning the stick welding process. The welding electrodes you use in this welding process are coated with flux. 

That's why stick welding is also known as shielded metal arc welding or SMAW because the flux serves as a shield that protects the weld from atmospheric gasses.

Flux Core Arc Welding (FCAW)

Created in the 1950s, flux cored arc welding or FCAW welding introduced a better alternative to stick welding. You can use this welding process with or without shielding gas. The welding wire for flux core welding is hollow, unlike typical electrodes. This hollow space becomes filled with flux, rather than having the flux covering the electrode from the outside. 

Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)

Judging by its name alone, you might believe submerged arc welding or SMAW is done underwater. However, it refers to how the molten metal weld pool becomes submerged in granular flux. 

The flux protects the molten metal from contaminants from the outside while preventing spatter and welding fumes from going out. As such, SAW seems to be a safer and more fabricator-friendly process.

The Benefits Of Using Flux In Welding Projects

flux for welding - Closeup of a welding joint with fumes

Cleans Your Welds

Did you know that metal oxides can contaminate your welds? When your welds become contaminated with metal oxides and other impurities, the joints you make become weak, which can later be a huge problem. 

Welding flux prepares your base metal by acting as a cleaning agent so you can work on your joints without worrying about impurities and welding fumes. Stay safe from welding fumes and other welding hazards by getting yourself a set of safety gear.

Indicates Perfect Timing

If you are unsure when to put the rod in contact with the metal workpiece, you can look at the flux instead. While it's not meant to be a feature, beginner metal fabricators can check what the flux looks like while working on a metal workpiece. 

For instance, when working on Super Alloy 1, once the flux turns into a brown color, it's a sign that you can proceed with the rod.

Provides Protection

Once you're done working on your metal joints, you must clean up. Cleaning the flux is easy; you only need to brush it off the surface of your metal workpiece. You can also use warm water to make sure that no debris remains. 

The flux that remains on the metal workpiece will serve as a layer of protection against oxidation, making your project last longer.

Increases Rod Flow

Another benefit many metal fabricators often take for granted is how the flux helps your filler rod flow. The filler material inside the electrode becomes easier to work with as the flux improves its wetting action and reduces slag. 

This effect solves many quality problems that many fabricators often deal with, like welding porosity.

Tips For Troubleshooting Problems With Flux During Welding

Mistakes and the troubleshooting that follows are inevitable in metal fabrication. You get better in the craft through trial and error. Here are some things you can do to reduce the problems you may encounter during your welding projects.

Final Thoughts

Metal fabrication involves many complicated processes, such as the interaction between the welding rod and the metal workpiece. Thanks to the many advancements in the industry, producing cleaner and stronger welds has become easier than ever before. The flux for welding rods helps you achieve ideal welds for your welding project.

If you're looking for the best welding machine for your fabrication needs, head to our welder section and discover the perfect one for you.

While propane welding may seem logical, it's not an ideal option for welding. You are better off sticking with an oxy-acetylene torch kit for your welding projects.

Here are the reasons why you should avoid using propane for welding. So if you're considering using propane for your next welding project, read on – and reconsider!

1. Propane is not as hot as other welding gasses.

The main reason why you shouldn't use propane for welding is that it's not hot enough. To weld properly, you need gas that can reach extremely high temperatures – and propane just doesn't cut it.

Propane can only reach a maximum temperature of around 2,500 °F. That's not hot enough to weld steel. For comparison, oxy-acetylene torches can reach temperatures up to 6,300 °F – more than twice as hot as propane!

2. Propane can cause welds to be porous and weak.

Another reason to avoid using propane welding torches is that it can cause welds to be porous and weak. This is because propane doesn't burn as hot as other oxy-acetylene, so it doesn't create as strong of a weld.

If you're looking for a gas that will give you strong, durable welds, propane is not the way to go. Instead, stick with an oxy-acetylene torch if you want quality welds that will last.

3. Propane makes brittle welds.

In addition to causing welds to be porous and weak, propane can also make them brittle. This is because propane doesn't provide enough heat to weld metals properly, leading to incomplete fusion and a lack of strength in the weld.

Brittle welds mean that the welds are more likely to break under stress, so it's not ideal to use propane for load-bearing projects like steel beams.

4. Propane tends to produce more slag. 

Another downside of using propane for welding is that it tends to produce more slag. Slag is the byproduct after you're done welding, and it can create problems when trying to achieve a smooth, even weld.

Propane welding can also be somewhat unpredictable, making it difficult to control the heat and resulting in inconsistency between welds. For these reasons, it's generally best to avoid using propane for welding projects.

5. Propane can produce harmful fumes.

The oxygen-to-gas ratio must be within a specific range for propane to burn effectively. 

When the gas does not meet this ratio, it results in incomplete combustion, which generates excessive carbon monoxide. And if there is no adequate ventilation in the area, this can be quite hazardous to you.

If you work in a closed garage or workshop, prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning. It can be deadly if left untreated, as the poisonous gas takes the place of oxygen in the circulation.

6. Propane can get expensive.

To generate the highest possible flame temperature, it is important to understand the oxygen requirements of different fuel gasses.

Acetylene has a relatively low requirement, at 1.2 to 1. This means that for every volume of acetylene used, only 1.2 volume of oxygen is required. On the other hand, propane has a higher requirement of 4.3 to 1. This means that for every volume of propane used, 4.3 volume of oxygen is required.

Propane is a cheaper fuel than acetylene, making it a more economical choice for welding projects—on the surface. However, a propane welding torch kit uses more oxygen than an oxy-acetylene torch kit, so the overall cost of using a propane kit can be higher.

7. Propane is dangerous to store and use.

Propane is a highly combustible gas, which makes it dangerous to store and use. So if a propane tank is exposed to heat or flame, it can explode, causing serious injury or even death.

It's also heavier than air, so it will sink and accumulate in explosive concentrations. For these reasons, propane is not ideal for welding. There are other gasses less volatile and easier to store and use safely.

propane welding - a welder using a torch

Best Applications of Propane Torches

Despite the many drawbacks of using a propane welding machine, there are still some applications where it may be a great choice.


Brazing is a type of welding that uses a filler metal to join two pieces of metal together. The filler metal has a low melting point, so it can be melted and fused without melting the base metals.


Soldering is another type of welding that uses a filler metal like brazing. The only difference is that soldering happens at temperatures below 840°F (450°C), while brazing is above that temperature.

Soldering is typically used to join smaller pieces of metal together, such as electronic components.

Cutting Metal

Propane torches can be used to cut metal like oxy-acetylene torches. When using a propane torch for cutting, hold it slightly higher to use the outer flame cone to preheat the metal faster. This is because most of the heat is accumulated there.

Use an Oxy-Acetylene Torch Kit Instead for Welding

Propane is not the best choice for welding due to its many drawbacks. While propane torches have their uses, they're not the best for welding projects. However, there are still some applications where it may be a great choice, such as brazing, soldering, and cutting metal.

If you're looking for a safe and better tool for welding, an oxy-acetylene torch kit is a better option. Browse our product reviews to find the best torch kit for your next welding project!

Stick welders are a great choice for DIY mechanics, metal fabricators, and casual homeowners looking to add a little flair to their garden gate or driveway gates. These machines can produce strong welds on various types of metal, including steel and iron. The user simply applies a stick of filler rod as they work, making it easy to learn. 

A stick welder is likely your best option if you are new to the world of do-it-yourself home improvement and are looking for a welder that can take care of minor repairs around the house. They are user-friendly, affordable, and portable, all in one package. 

So whether you're tackling small or even bigger repairs, keep reading to know our thoughts on this tiny but mighty stick welder. 

TIG or Stick Welding?

If you want to get into metal sculpting or jewelry making, then a TIG welder might be the way to go. Of course, it is more expensive than a stick welder and requires training before you can use it properly, but it will allow you to create amazing pieces of art from scratch instead of just fixing things around your home.

If you've been considering welding as a hobby but don't want to invest in expensive equipment until you know how much time you'll spend with it, stick welders are probably the tool for you.

Of course, like any other tool, not all stick welders are created equal. So, which product in the market is our pick? Which is the best of the best?

Best of Both Worlds: 2019 Everlast PowerARC

What if you want the flexibility that stick provides and the power of a TIG welder? In our last roundup of 10 Best 110V Stick Welders, we talked about the 2019 Everlast PowerARC. We commended it for its "versatility, small size, and TIG capability." 

Here are our full thoughts on this tiny yet mighty stick welding machine:

Small Size, Big Capability

If you are looking for the best stick welder with a TIG capability, the 2019 Everlast PowerARC is a great choice. With its portability, ease of use and maintenance, affordability, and versatility, this little welder has quickly become one of the most popular welders for hobbyists and professionals alike.

With dual voltage power of 110v/220v, the 2019 Everlast PowerARC may be used for both DIY and heavy-duty projects. In addition, it is small and lightweight, weighing only 25 pounds, making it easy to transport and store. A clamp and a 6-foot cable are included in the box. You can, however, easily modify the length to meet your specific needs.

TIG Capacity

This welder is an excellent device that includes everything you require in a welding machine. Despite being built like a stick welder, it has TIG capability. On any metal, this stick welding machine makes precise and clean slices.


This is a good deal if you are looking for an affordable stick welder that will serve you well in the home garage or on light professional jobs. 

There are a lot of stick welders available on Amazon from different price points. Unfortunately, some of them are just a waste of money. This is one of the reasons why it is hard to purchase a piece of equipment online, especially for those just starting. 

The 2019 Everlast PowerARC proves that it is not just for welders with no prior experience but also for hobbyists and professionals alike.

If you are interested in the benefits and drawbacks of owning a 2019 Everlast PowerARC small stick welder machine, check the list below.


Green small welder from Everlast Canada



Stick welders are a great option for your home garage, especially those that offer the capabilities of a TIG welder. Whether you're an occasional hobbyist or a professional welder, the 2019 Everlast PowerARC is easy to use, easy to maintain and set up, and small enough to store in the corner of your shop or take on the go. 

We hope this article will assist you in selecting the best small stick welder for your needs. Welding Buddy inspires and educates the welders of today and tomorrow. Check out our buying guides to know which equipment you should be eyeing next for your welding jobs. 

A sudden power outage is frustrating when you're in the middle of tasks. If your place has constant power interruptions, having a portable power station will come in handy. Your tools and appliances can run on the electricity produced by these generator machines.

So we've picked the best generator for individuals who use it daily. This generator can run different construction tools like cutters, welding machines, and torches. Consequently, you can continue working even without a power source. Let's take a more detailed review of the Champion Power 4500-watt inverter. 

What Is an Inverter Generator? 

As a backup power source, inverter generators are relatively new on the market. A conventional generator is still reliable for the longest time. Still, inverters are more efficient and consistent than traditional ones. Here are some practical differences between inverter generators that make them a better choice. 

champion 4500-watt portable inverter generator

Features of the Champion Power 4500-Watt Inverter Portable Generator

Let's get into detail with this inverter generator review to know if it's worth the purchase. 

Output Ports 

The Champion 4500-watt power equipment generator is equipped with 120V AC 3-prong receptacles, a USB port, and a 12V DC outlet for RVs and automobiles. The generator receptacles are standard, so you won't need to use adapters. Furthermore, the generator outlets have covers to protect them from external damage. 

Dual Fuel Feature 

This inverter can run on gasoline and propane, which makes it convenient because these fuel options are easily available anywhere. 

The generator dual fuel feature also has an impressive tank capacity. The generator can hold up to 2.4 gallons of gasoline, which is equivalent to 14 hours of running power working at 25% capacity. With a 20-pound propane tank, the generator has a run time of 21 hours. You can use the machine for almost one whole day at this capacity. 

Furthermore, you can double the power of your Champion generator by purchasing a set of parallel kits. Champion parallel kits are cheaper alternatives instead of buying another generator for more power. 

Engine Specifications 

The Champion 4500-watt generator has a 212cc 4-stroke engine. There are two ways to start the generator. The first one is the more traditional method using the manual recoil. One to two pulls should do the trick to start your generator. 

The second approach is easier to use and more practical. The machine features an electric start with EZ dial, which starts engine operations with a single and smooth twist. Furthermore, there are options to configure the engine speed depending on the power requirement. 

These configurations also come with benefits. It can decrease fuel consumption and lessen engine noise and wear, ultimately leading to a long-lasting generator. 

Ease of Use 

Let's say you need to change the oil to use your generator. You don't need to run to a service station. The generator has an oil panel that is easily accessible and removable for easy oil changing. No need for a tool to remove the oil panel. Simply flip the dial lock, and it will come right off. 

The battery is located on the opposite side of the generator, along with the air filters, spark plug, and carburetor. All the battery connections are labeled, so you won't have to guess where the cords go. The battery is also easily accessible, so no need to remove the whole battery panel to make configurations. 

Champion Power Equipment Features 

The brand added some features which make the Champion power equipment different from other inverter generators. First, the machine comes with a wireless remote. This wireless feature is rare on generators. You can turn on and off your generator up to 80 feet away. 

The generator has a power meter where you can easily check the frequency, voltage, and machine run time. It also features an economy mode that analyses the machine power usage to assess the engine's wear and tear. 

Lastly, Champion provides a 3-year limited warranty for all their models and a lifetime technical assistance from the brand's experts. 

open frame portable inverter generator

Drawbacks of the Champion Power 4500-Watt Inverter Portable Generator 

The 4500-watt Champion generator has many impressive features and is a must-have backup power supply. But before running to spend your hard-earned money on this generator, you may want to know the potential drawback you may encounter with this generator. 

Price Point 

Generally, inverter generators are more expensive than standard generators, so be ready to spend a few hundred dollars. The Champion 4500-watt model comes with a hefty price tag of $830. You may want to consider other brand models, like the Champion 3400-watt inverter generator. 

The lower running watts, the lesser the price. Check out their other models to see what suits your needs and budget. 

Frame and Noise Reduction 

You can hear the difference between the standard generator and this inverter. However, many users say that, as an inverter, it still produces a significant noise level. Other inverter generators are quieter compared to this brand. 

Also, the Champion 4500-watt model does not have an open frame design. Open frame designs are more efficient in preventing the generator from overheating. It is also convenient for accessing panels and switches. Although the cover gives an extra layer of protection, some users find it a nuisance. 


Is the Champion 4500-watt inverter generator a worthy candidate for a home backup power supply? We'll give this brand a thumbs-up. It has a power outlet compatible with devices around the household, power tools, and for automobiles. More so, it can run to different fuel types and has a wireless remote that is rare for generators. 

This inverter generator is worth the investment. But if you still want to consider other brands to expand your choice, we got you! Head on to our blogs for inverter generator reviews and other reviews on construction tools like welding machines, safety gears, and accessories.

For decades, safety has been the pinned reminder of the welding industry. Welding hazards, such as arc burns and flash eyes, are no joke. You might end up with one if you're not taking the proper precautions.

Get serious, switch your traditional gloves, and try something new using these four TIG welding gloves that will keep you safe while working. We will also rank these welding gloves based on customer reviews to ease your selection process and ensure a perfect pair for your preference. 

Take your welding skills to the next level with some new protection!

The Best TIG Welding Gloves: Ranking From Highest To Lowest

TIG welding can generate a lot more heat than you imagine, so you need a pair of gloves that will save your hands from accidents. That being said, let's begin by giving a quick overview of these 4 welding gloves.

Product NameMaterialKevlar StitchingSizeWelding Process
TILLMAN 1338 TIG Welding GlovesLeatherYesSmall, Large, Extra LargeTIG Welding
MILLER Electric 263354 TIG Welding GlovesPalm Material GoatskinYesLargeTIG Welding, Plasma Cutting
Lincoln Electric Grain Leather Welding GlovesLightweight Grain LeatherYesMedium, Large, Extra LargeTIG Welding
HZXVOGEN Heat Fire Resistant Women's TIG Welding GlovesGenuine Cowhide Split Leather and Insulated Cotton with Air-Isolated Aluminum FoilNoFree SizeTIG Welding, Plasma Cutting

#1 TILLMAN 1338 TIG Welding Gloves - 4.7/5

TILLMAN 1338 TIG welding gloves

At the top of our list is the TILLMAN 1338 TIG welding gloves. These work gloves are durable cowhide and reinforced seams for added strength. 



#2 MILLER Electric 263354 TIG Welding Gloves - 4.6/5

MILLER Electric TIG Arc Armor Welding Gloves
Source: MILLER

Our second in line is the MILLER Electric TIG Arc Armor Welding Gloves. These TIG welding hand gloves are exceptionally well-crafted and satisfy most welders at work. 



#3 Lincoln Electric Grain Leather Welding Gloves - 4.5/5

Lincoln Electric TIG Welding Gloves

Next on our list is the well-known Lincoln Electric TIG Welding Gloves. The features of these TIG gloves help you create a high level of precision to get the welding job done right!



#4 HZXVOGEN Heat Fire Resistant Women's TIG Welding Gloves - 4.5/5

HZXVOGEN TIG Welding Gloves

The HZXVOGEN TIG Welding Gloves are the right pair for your scars and burns! These gloves are made from high-quality fire-resistant fabric and they're rated to protect against temperatures up to 932 degrees Fahrenheit.



What's Our Verdict: The TILLMAN Welding Gloves Wins!

We've looked at four different pairs of best TIG welding gloves and ranked them according to customer satisfaction ratings. We recommend the Tillman 1338 TIG Welding Gloves. It stays true to its superior protection features against extreme heat and sparks. 

Safety should always be your number one priority when working with any welding equipment, so don't take any chances—invest in a good pair of TIG welding gloves and stay protected while working! 

If you need help in selecting the best pair for your needs, feel free to browse more of our website. We have several buying guides and reviews that can ensure your welding job safely and efficiently.

In addition to helmets, a welder needs other equipment to be fully protected from head to toe. From the helmet, suit, jacket, gloves, and down to the boots, each protective gear should be able to withstand the harsh conditions of welding. 

Welding boots are one of the most overlooked safety equipment for welders. Just because you don't use your feet when welding doesn't mean they do not need protection. We searched the marketplace for the best safety boots for welding and found Timberland PRO, which features a wide range of protective footwear

We'll closely inspect the Timberland PRO Powerwelt Wellington Boots, look at its features, and know why this is a must-have for every welder. 

Important Things to Look for in Welding Boots 

Your casual sneakers or fanciest boots may not pass as safety shoes for welding. Welding boots are specialized shoes designed to protect individuals in the welding profession. When purchasing protective boots, here are some considerations you should note of. 

timberland pro powerwelt wellington
Source: https//

Introducing the Timberland Powerwelt Wellington Boots 


The line of Timberland footwear is one of the best and most preferred by customers. Let's look at the Powerwelt Wellington boots and see why it's worth getting a pair. 

100% Leather 

Tough jobs need tough shoes. So the Timberland Powerwelt Wellington shoes are 100% leather. The footwear uses Ever-Guard leather, which is abrasion-resistant and extremely durable, making the boots long-lasting. 

It's also full-grain leather from the top of the animal hide and produces the best leather for footwear. The boots have a mid-calf design, ensuring wider protection for your feet and lower legs. 

Comfortable Boots

Comfort is key in the design of the Timberland boots. First, the leather is soft and comfortable to the skin and won't cause irritations after a long day. The boots have a contoured Ortholite footbed for ultimate cushioning, providing comfort for individuals who stand all the time. 

The special foam adapts to the contours of your feet and specifically targets pressure points like the arch and heels to prevent any pain. 

Construction-Centered Shoe Design 

The boots have electrical hazard features that protect you from electric shocks, which are perfect for individuals who work with high-voltage machines. In addition, the boots are oil-resistant and have anti-slip soles, so they help you be stable in slippery situations. 

Timberland also features Ladder Lock technology sole design, which gives extra support for workers who use ladders or climb on edges. In addition, the soles give extra gripping power to ensure your fall or slip on your steps. 

Finally, the boots are 100% waterproof. You can use these boots indoors, outdoors, or in any weather. 

PowerFit Comfort Technology 

The Timberland Powerwelt Wellington is made with Goodyear welt construction, dubbed as the gold standard for shoes among footwear aficionados. Only 1% of shoes produced around the globe have Goodyear welt construction. 

It has been popular because of its extreme durability. Even if you abuse your shoes, you won't need to worry. It will last you decades. 

The boots also have an antimicrobial lining to keep your feet fresh and prevent foul odors. It also has a pull-on design for convenience on and off. It's a great advantage that these boots have no laces because they can catch fire from sparks from welding

Steel Toe Boots and Wide Sizing 

The steel toe feature is one of the most outstanding features of these protective boots for welding. The steel toe cap protects you from potentially falling heavy objects which can crush your feet and cause injuries. Even with the steel toe protection, the boots do not crowd your toes together, thus avoiding irritation. 

Furthermore, the Timberland PRO Powerwelt Wellington has a wide range of sizes. They are available in sizes 7 to 15 and in a wide option. These boots cater to a wide range of feet sizes, so every welder gets high-quality boots for welding. 

worn out boots for welding and construction


The Timberland Powerwelt Wellington sounds like the best welding boots you can get, but it's also important to see its potential drawbacks. Following are some disadvantages of Timberland footwear that you should be aware of before making a purchase.

Not Completely Fireproof

There is no clear description of the Timberland Powerwelt Wellington being fireproof. Although the boots are made from leather with natural fireproof properties, other boots for welding are tailored with other materials and chemicals for a better fireproof feature. 

In addition, the Powerwelt Wellington boots can withstand only a specific amount of heat, so be mindful when working with extreme heat. 


The Timberland PRO Powerwelt Wellington boots are made from premium materials and crafted from high-quality construction. As a result, these boots come with an expensive price tag. Its starting price is $180 for the smallest size. The bigger and wider shoes you get, the more expensive the welding boots. 

There are cheaper options that cost twice as less as these boots. If your budget is a little tight, you may want to consider other brands that won't break the bank. 

Final Verdict 

Overall protective equipment for welding is necessary for every welder. Welding accidents have roots in improper welding equipment, even if you're skilled and experienced. The Timberland PRO Powerwelt Wellington is one of the best welding boots out there. These boots are specifically designed for welding and packed with protective features. If you want more in-depth reviews of safety gears—boots for welding, welding helmets, welding gloves, and other accessories, don't forget to subscribe to our blogs.

It is no secret that welding can be a dangerous profession. Welders are constantly exposed to many dangers, including fires, explosions, and health hazards. Good thing experts have designed ways to minimize and even prevent those risks.

Welders and construction workers rely on their safety equipment to perform flawlessly every time – and that is why the Waylander Svalinn welder's blanket for a smoker is a valuable accessory for your protection. 

In this detailed review, we will take a closer look at what makes this welding blanket great and some of its key features and benefits. Let's explore! 

Waylander Svalinn Welding Blanket Smoker Cover: Under a Microscope

Waylander welding blanket in black

Waylander Welding has been fabricating safety apparel and welding blankets for years. They are created for welders and tested by welders. So rest assured, their products are made for safety in all welding conditions. 

Like all of their products, the Waylander welding blankets are specialized heat-resistant materials that protect you and your welding station from the extreme heat and sparks produced during welding. Check out the Svalinn welder's blanket for a smoker in detail. 

Fiberglass Blanket

Welding can easily damage your furniture and other objects nearby. You can easily ignite a fire with weld splatters and sparks, and the intense heat can cause serious burns, from flash burns to third-degree burns. 

Take extra precautions when welding with Waylander fiberglass blanket. Thanks to its high heat resistance, fiberglass fabric can withstand temperatures up to 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit. This makes it an ideal choice for welding blankets, which protect nearby workers and equipment from the intense heat of the welding process. 

Dual-Side Vermiculite Treatment 

On top of using a fiberglass fabric for fire protection, Waylander also uses vermiculite as another layer of protection. Vermiculite is a type of mineral that can withstand high temperatures. 

Thus, the Svalinn welding blanket can put out flames up to 1,400 degrees Fahrenheit with the combination of fiberglass and vermiculite.

Reinforced Kevlar Stitching

Kevlar thread is a high-strength, heat-resistant material used in a variety of applications. Its strength and heat resistance make it ideal for fire-resistant clothing, reinforcing tires, and making bulletproof vests. 

In addition, Kevlar does not break down in high heat, making it ideal for even aerospace and automotive applications. Waylanderuses Kevlar to stitch the ends of their welding blanket. Thanks to this flame-retardant material, the Syvalinn became the ultimate flame-proof material. 

Strengths of the Waylander Welder's Blanket 

Thermoplastic helmets, layered-leather gloves, and five level shades are many of the safety gear a welder must possess. The Waylander welder's blanket is a valuable protection for your safety and your surroundings. 

Here are the many reasons why the Waylander Syvalinn welders blanket for a smoker is a must-buy. 

Multi-Purpose Fire and Smoke Retardant 

Welding involves using high temperatures to melt metal, producing a lot of smoke. The Waylander blanket helps deflect the heat away from the welder and blocks out the smoke. This allows welders to work safely without inhaling harmful byproducts coming from their welds.

But you can use it for many other applications, despite it being called a welding blanket for a smoker. 

Skin-Friendly Protection

Blankets with fiberglass have a harsher feel to them because they easily harden up when exposed to high temperatures. But due to infused Vermiculite, the Waylander blanket became tolerable for body protection. This makes the blanket low-irritant to the skin.  

Brass Grommets for Flexible Positioning 

While most grommets for welding blankets are metal, a brass grommet offers several advantages over other materials. Regarding thermal conductivity, a brass grommet is far more conductive than stainless steel or metal, making them less likely to break or tear. 

At first glance, brass grommets might not seem essential to a welder's blanket. However, these metal eyelets serve an important purpose: they give you the flexibility to hang the blanket in various ways. 

Whether you are using it to cover up your table or furniture, the grommets allow you to easily change the way the blanket is laid out. 

Reusable Safety Gear

Waylander tops its competitors due to its long lifespan. Due to its reinforced hem and dual heat-retardant materials, this welding blanket will last for many years, making it an excellent investment for any workshop. 

They are also much more convenient than disposable welding blankets, making them a cheaper option in the long run. 

Weakness of the Waylander Welding Blanket  

Waylander welding blanket in beige

The Svalinn welding blanket comes in three different sizes: 

At 6 ft by 6 ft, this welder's blanket is the perfect size for small welding projects. It is also large enough to cover an average height welder. However, other welders have larger welding equipment and space to cover, so sometimes, they end up buying two 6' x 6' Waylander blankets instead of one. 

We hope in the future Waylander can give larger sizes, so their welding blankets have extra cover for accidental fires. Having an 8' x 8' blanket will give Waylander a more competitive edge against other welding blanket brands.  

Waylander's Welding Blanket Can Handle the Heat

So, is the Waylander Svalinn welder's blanket a good investment for your safety needs? 

Overall, it is an excellent product that can help you fight fire with fiberglass and vermiculite. The skin-friendly fabric and brass grommets make it flexible and easy to use, while the multi-purpose fire and smoke retardant quality make it a valuable piece of safety gear. 

If you need more protection than this blanket can cover, check out our other reviews and buying guides at Welding Buddy to make perfect welds without slag!

Beginner welders would assume that all welding electrodes are for heavy-duty fabrications. Surprisingly, some welding rods, like the 6013, are meant for beginners. 

But what can a 6013 welding rod do for your fabrication? 

Quite a lot! In this post, we'll look into the 6013 rod for welding and what sorts of projects it is best suited for. So, whether you're a welding hobbyist or a construction worker looking to learn more about this popular welding rod, read on!


The American Welding Society classifies different welding rods based on their durability, versatility, and composition. They used alphanumeric codes to differentiate these electrodes. As for the 6013 electrodes, here are their key features.

Tensile Strength

Tensile strength is a property to consider when assessing the suitability of your welding rod. You can tell an electrode's tensile strength by how much force you need to break it. The higher the tensile strength, the harder and more resistant it is to damage or breakage.

By looking at the first two digits of the 6013 electrodes, you'll know it has 60,000 psi of maximum tensile strength, which has similar maximum tensile strength as the 6010, 6011, 6012, and 7018 electrodes.

Welding Position

To determine the position that your welding electrode can do, look at the third digit. As for the 6013 stick welding rod, welding hobbyists can use this in any position, making it ideal for welding in hard-to-reach places. 

Plus, you can do overhead or vertical welding without cracking issues or difficulty in weld puddle control.

Coating and Current Type

The fourth digit tells you the type of flux coating and power supply of welding electrodes. 6013 welding rods have high titania potassium. Plus, you use this welding rod with your welding equipment with a direct or alternating current.


Many welders choose the E6013 rod because it is relatively easy to use. Thus, many call it the easy rod or the beginner's rod. But one downside is that it only penetrates the metal surface to a shallow depth.

This shallow penetration can be a problem if you are trying to weld two pieces of metal together with different thicknesses. The 6013 welding rod may not penetrate deep enough to create a strong bond. 

In these cases, it is necessary to use a different welding rod that can penetrate to a greater depth. Otherwise, the weld metal will not be as strong and could fail.

Nevertheless, you can weld using the 6013 welding rod on various thin sheet metals like mild steel. It's suitable for light to medium penetration for different welding projects.


Weld using a 6013 rod with minimal spatter

The 6013 welding electrode provides excellent arc stability, low spatter, and excellent slag removal. You can weld at a fast or a slow rate and still create smooth root pass welds with minimal spatter. It is suitable for all welding positions, including vertical and overhead.

6013 stick welding rods are commonly used in general fabrication because they offer a variety of benefits. They are often used in manufacturing truck frame bodies and metal furniture because they provide excellent welding properties, including high deposition rates and light spatter levels.

They are also often used in storage tanks and farm implementations because they offer good penetration and can be used on thin material. Additionally, 6013 electrodes are often used where aesthetics are of grave importance because they produce quality welds with a clean look.

How to Make Perfect Welds With the 6013 Stick Welding Rod

Vertical, overhead, or horizontal welding positions aren't an issue with this electrode. Neither is the current type you use. It's pretty easy to create smooth and flat beads that other common electrodes have difficulty making.

Unfortunately, it is still possible to make undercuts and slags that are hard to remove. Here are a few tips to get the best welds with your 6013 electrodes.

Set the Right Amperage

The amperage (or current) determines the heat applied to the parent weld. For the 6013 rods, it's good to start at around 40-80 amps. Then, adjust according to the thickness of the material being welded.

If your amperage is too low, you might notice a few things. First, your electrode will be especially sticky when striking an arc. The low amperage means your welding rod is not generating enough heat to vaporize the metal of the electrode, so it just sticks to the workpiece.

Second, your arc will keep going out. The arc isn't hot enough to melt through the metal being welded, so it just keeps cooling off and going out. Finally, the slag pockets on your weld mean the arc isn't hot enough to sustain itself, so it keeps flickering on and off, creating these tiny imperfections.

Keep a Good Work Angle

The electrode should be held at a 20-degree angle from the welded material. Doing so will create a strong arc and push the slag to the back of the weld puddle where it can't get ahead of your weld and cause weld defects. Plus, the angle allows the maximum amount of heat to be transferred to the material, resulting in a stronger weld.

If the electrode is held at a shallow angle, the heat will not be evenly distributed, and the weld will be weaker. Moreover, too steep of an angle will cause the electrode to stick to the material, making it difficult to create a smooth weld.

Frequently Asked Questions

#1. Is There Another Classification of 6013 Welding Electrode?

When welding, there are three main types of electrodes that can be used: fast-freeze, fast-fill, and fill-freeze. Each type has features to be considered before selecting an electrode.

The 6013 electrode is considered a fast-fill electrode. Thus, you can increase your welding speed. You can also create quality penetration with easy-to-remove slag.

#2. Are There Drawbacks of Using the 6013 Welding Electrode?

The 6013 is quite easy to use and clean up. But it does have its quirks. First, it has low penetration, so it's only suitable for thin metal sheets. It will also create weak welds if you weld on painted or rusty metal surfaces.

#3. How Do You Store Your 6013 Welding Electrodes?

When it comes to welding rods, proper storage is essential to maintaining their quality and preventing them from becoming damaged. 6013 electrodes should always be stored in an environment with humidity below 50%. Furthermore, these classes of electrodes should be stored in an oven between 100 to 150 degrees Fahrenheit.

#4. What Is the Best 6013 Welding Rod Brand?

The best brand of 6013 welding rod would be the economical Forney 303305 E6013 because of its excellent wetting action and steady arc. Their welding rods are available in 5/64", 3/32", 1/8", and 5/32" diameter.

#5. What Is the Difference Between the 6011 and the 6013 Welding Rod?

The 6011 and 6013 welding rods are both commonly used for general-purpose welding, but there are some key differences between them.

The 6011 welding rod is a high cellulose sodium rod that works well on dirty or rusty metals . It also has deep penetration to work with thick sections of metal. Meanwhile, the 6013 welding rod is a low penetrating rod best suited for welding clean sheet metal. It produces a smoother bead than the 6011 welding rods and is less likely to cause porosity.

#6. How About the 6013 vs. the 7018 Welding Electrodes?

The 6013 electrodes are generally considered easier to use than 7018 electrodes. They produce less smoke and spatter, and they're more tolerant of imperfections in the base metal. 

However, 7018 electrodes produce a stronger weld than 6013 electrodes due to their tensile strength. Given that the 7018 is a low hydrogen electrode, your welds will not be prone to hydrogen cracking.

#7. What Are Alternatives to the 6013 Welding Rod?

6013 is a beginner-friendly rod due to its light penetration and minimal slag. But if you need an electrode that creates deeper weld joints, consider the 6011 rods since both have the same tensile strength, current types, and welding position.


So there you have it–a few key features of the 6013 welding rod and some ideas on how to use it. If you're looking for an electrode that can make beautiful, clean welds, the 6013 is a great option. 

For more information on welding rods and other welding electrodes, check out our other guides here at Welding Buddy. Happy welding!

Nothing is quite like the satisfaction of creating something with your hands. And when it comes to welding, there are two basic but essential techniques to master: forehand and backhand welding. Do you need to learn both, or is mastering one enough?

In this blog post, we'll discuss using the forehand and backhand welding techniques for your welding projects. Which one is better?

Backhand Welding

The backhand technique in welding is also called pull welding, wherein you drag your welding torch opposite your weld puddle. The rule of thumb for this technique is to angle your welding torch about 45 degrees from your weld zone and your arc directed to the molten metal. 

For example, if you're right-handed, the direction of your weld progression would be towards your right. Meanwhile, you're adding your filler metal or electrode using your left hand. You might have seen this welding technique in most welding tutorials. That's because the weld puddle is visible this way for welding enthusiasts to see. 

Why Should I Use Backhand Welding Technique?

Is this welding technique applicable only to gas welding? It doesn't. In fact, you can use this with most types of welding, such as flux-cored arc welding and gas metal arc welding. But asides from its versatility, you can get the welds due to these pros: 

Ideal Backhand Welding Positions 

Now that you understand the definition of the backhand welding technique, it's time to know where this welding technique is ideally used. This method may not be suitable for beginners, but you can create excellent finished welds on flat or horizontal positions. 

Since backhand welding produces a strong arc, this ensures that your flat welds will be evenly heated. Though, you can also backhand weld in other positions, provided that you have mastered this technique.

Forehand Welding

If there is pull welding, there's the opposite–the push or the forehand welding technique. With forehand welding, your welding electrode goes first, then your welding torch afterward. The torch is also at a 65-degree angle from the slag. 

If you're right-handed, the direction of your weld will be to the left. So think of it as following the line instead of keeping track of your weld puddle. 

Why Should I Use Forehand Welding Technique?

This method is a good starting point for beginners because you can see the weld zone. But you can reap other benefits from mastering this welding technique.

Ideal Forehand Welding Positions 

When it comes to welding, there are a few different positions that you can be in. However, the vertical and overhead positions are the two most ideal in forehand welding.  

The vertical position is when the welding electrode is pointing upwards. Meanwhile, the overhead position is when the welding electrode is pointing downwards. Both positions are ideal for forehand welding because they provide the best control over tracing the weld zone, preventing damage to the surrounding metal.

Importance of Welding Techniques

Welder using backhand technique welding

Both techniques require a lot of practice to master, but they are essential for any welder who wants to produce high-quality work. 

Forehand welding is generally considered easier than backhand welding since your weld zone is more visible. However, backhand welding has several advantages:

  1. It allows the welder to see the weld pool more clearly, which helps to prevent defects.
  2. It produces a narrower and deeper weld bead, which can be important for certain fabrications.
  3. Backhand welding is less likely to distort the workpiece since the heat is applied from one side only. 

Although forehand and backhand welding are both important techniques, many welders tend to favor one over the other. Some welders learn both techniques and use them depending on the specific application.

Final Thoughts 

So, is the backhand welding technique better than the forehand welding technique? The answer to that question is subjective. 

Some welders may prefer the backhand method because it gives them more control over the weld puddle and allows them to weld more aesthetically-pleasing welds. Others may find that the forehand welding technique is easier for them. Ultimately, it's up to you to decide what works best on your welding projects. 

That said, we hope this article has helped you become more familiar with both techniques and given you some things to think about when deciding which one to use. For more information on welding techniques and other helpful tips, explore our other articles here at Welding Buddy!

Not all welding rods are created equal. 

In fact, there is more than one type of welding rod on the market, each with its own unique set of benefits and limits, such as having one polarity and current. While others can work with any welding machine despite its different current type.

In this blog, we'll talk about 6011 stick welding and its various uses. We will also learn its features, uses, drawbacks, and proper storage of this rod. Let's explore!  


The 6011 welding electrode is one of the most used rods for welding because of its practical features. What are the characteristics of this welding rod that makes it dependable? 

60,000 Tensile Strength

Only two tensile strengths are available in common electrode rods: 60,000 and 70,000. And the first two digits of this electrode (60) tell you that your final weld can withstand 60,000 psi (pounds per inch). 

All Positions

You can tell this by looking at the third digit of the electrode. In this case, 1 means all positions. So 6011 welding rod uses are for all kinds of positions: flat, overhead, vertically up or down. It means that you weld vertically downwards without creating weld defects or burning through your material.

High-Cellulose Potassium Coating, 

The last two digits of your welding rod will tell you what type of coating it has so you can determine which current it can work with. For 6011 welding electrodes, it has a high-cellulose coating of potassium. 

Being a potassium-based rod, this welding electrode can be used for any welding current: AD, DC+, and DC-. This means that this welding electrode is versatile to work with any polarity, and you would still produce nice welds. 

6011 Welding Rod Amperage Chart 

Aside from learning its characteristics, you still have to consider the thicknesses of welding rods. Remember that thicker rods can penetrate heavy steel. Meanwhile, thinner rods are for lightweight metals and small welds. If you don't follow this concept, you'll either have poor penetration, excessive spatter, or undercuts

Check out this chart for more accurate amperage. 

Diameter (inches) Diameter (mm)Amperage range
7/325.6 160-250

Best 6011 Rod Uses and Techniques

Welding car rims with a 6011 electrode

While it's best to weld on clean and shiny metals, getting everything clean is not your only option. With the 6011 welding rod, you can weld dirty, rusty, and painted metals, making it ideal for auto body repairs, shipbuilding, or pipe welding. 

The 6011 rod is also good for tack welding. With tack welding, you need a very small weld, so it wouldn't be visible when you do the final weld. In addition, the 6011 rods can create small tacks and slight slag that you can easily clean off. 

Given that the 6011 rods have deep penetration, it helps if you can use some torch techniques to control your weld pool. There are two techniques to manipulate your weld:


The 6011 rod's versatility comes with a few drawbacks:

Where to Store Your 6011 Rods

If you're the proud owner of some 6011 rods, you might be wondering where to store them. After all, you want to ensure they're always in top condition, ready to be used for welding projects. Here are proper care tips for stowing away your 6011 rods.

These simple tips ensure your 6011 rods are always stored properly and in top condition.


Every project has different specifications to achieve the desired weld. Although the 6011 welding rod is made for general purposes, the drawbacks of this practical rod may limit your welds. Check out some alternative electrodes to cover the weaknesses of e6011. 


All in all, 6011 welding rods are a great all-around electrode. No matter what welding machine or metal you have, you can assure this stick electrode can get the job done. With the right amperage and technique, you can use this versatile rod for numerous repairs and fabrication. 

If you're looking for other alternatives and reviews, check out our other buying guides at Welding Buddy. Happy welding!