Get the Perfect Weld Every Time With 6010 Welding Rod

welder setting up plasma cutter

Welding Buddy Experts

June 14, 2022
Pipe welding using E6010

You're welding your metal, and you want that perfect weaving technique. Or, perhaps, you're just starting to learn the ropes of welding and want to learn the different stick electrodes. Or maybe you've been welding for so long, yet you still haven't learned which rod is the best for the job. In either case, learning about the 6010 welding rod is a good idea. 

The E6010 is an all-arounder stick electrode. It is made from mild cellulose steel to help prevent rust and corrosion. However, there is more to this rod than being heavy-duty. This article will educate you on everything you need to know about the E6010 welding rod to get that perfect weld in every project. 

Meaning of Welding E6010 Rod

Stick electrodes are named according to their intended use and the type of metal they are meant to weld. In the case of the E6010 welding rod, the letter and numbers mean:

  • E - Electrode
  • 60 - 60,000 lbs. of strong resistance from pressure or from being pulled apart (70 will mean 70,000 lbs. and so on) 
  • 1 - Can be used in all positions (flat, overhead, vertical, and horizontal welding positions)
  • 0 - The coating is high cellulose sodium with a direct current welding polarity (different numbers mean different coatings)

Thus, it's important to be aware of this classification system set by the American Welding Society. 

Features of the 6010 Welding Rod and Its Benefits

Welders who want to get their work done quickly and efficiently should never be without this welding stick. The 6010 easily strikes, leaving very few slags in its wake. As a result, it's ideal for achieving full penetration through gauge metal.

The E6010 is a powerful welding rod capable of handling various welding applications. Its excellent penetration, fast-freezing puddle, and strong point handling capabilities make it one of our top choices for those looking to get started with metalworking or improve their current skill set! 

The 6010 welding rod is also appreciated for its ability to run on less expensive welding machines. The arc welding doesn't die unexpectedly thanks to the arc stabilizers in the cellulose flux. For that reason, those looking to save money on welding equipment can still take advantage of the benefits offered by the E6010 welding electrode.

The 6011 welding electrode is popular due to its cellulosic content, which contains titanium dioxide, liquid sodium silicate, aluminum, manganese, ferromanganese, and metallic deoxidizers. Due to its huge amount of cellulose, you get also get these amazing qualities:

  • You don't have to clean a lot since only a thin slag goes away quickly.
  • It welds pretty well through rust, paint, and dirt. 

So is there a drawback to this electrode? Its fumes may cause problems if you're not careful enough when using it, and it also produces lots of sparks during operation—so don't forget about safety gear like welding masks and gloves.

Some of the Best 6010 Welding Rods

There are plenty of E6010 electrodes in the market. But here are the top picks well-received by welders.

Forney 31610 E6010

This brand of E6010 welding rod is made from high-quality material that produces strong and durable welds. Moreover, it evenly distributes heat, making it perfect for many different applications of aluminum or stainless steel works.

Lincoln Electric 6010 MIG Welding Rod

If you want to create smoother welds, the 6010 MIG stick rod from Lincoln Electric is ideal. Designed with high-density graphite, this Lincoln Electric stick has proven to produce quality welds that can withstand constant use without showing any wear and tear.

Hobart 6b010

The Hobart 6010 welding rod is the perfect choice for professionals looking to do some light metalworking. It has an easy arc start and produces a bright molten pool of flux that stays together when you remove your hand from between shots without sacrificing speed.

6010 Welding Rod Applications 

The 6010 electrode provides a deep penetration with high deposit rates and is perfect for use on galvanized steel or unclean surfaces. The deep penetration of this stick electrode also makes it ideal for joint root pass welds that need to cool quickly to not melt or damage surrounding materials due to their high-frequency output waveforms. 

You can find this welding electrode in industrial applications like pipes, storage tanks, and bridges. The E6010 rod isn't one of those electrodes that beginner electricians should have trouble handling; however, they will need some practice before creating beautiful patterns using this rod. 

Techniques to Use With the E6010 Welding Rod

The E6010 is a powerful welding stick not to be taken lightly. But it's an inexpensive rod that you can practice your weaving techniques with. Here are a few techniques to use to master handling your E6010 rods. 

Find the Perfect Arc Length 

Welding electrode arc length is an important welding parameter affecting weld performance, weld costs, and weld quality. As a good starting point, your arc length shouldn't be bigger than the diameter of the metal portion of your stick electrode. In the case of the 6010 welding stick, you should keep a 1/8 to 1/4 inch arc length to avoid any welding defects or accidents.

Whip and Pause

For a successful weld, it's important to have enough time for the puddle of molten metal to cool down and pull forward by applying whip-like movements with pauses in between.

To create a more thoroughly welded joint, the 6010 rods should be whipped with 3/32–1/2 inches of distance and immediately pulled back around 1/8 inches before being whipped forward again for split seconds at a time. 

Watch Out for the Weld Puddle

Your weld puddle is a good indicator that heat input from your welder might be too high and at risk of blowing through the metal. If your weld puddle gets too large, there are two solutions to resolve it smoothly: first, lower your amperage settings, and second, whip forward while increasing your travel speed. 

Storage Care for 6010 Welding Rods

E6010, like most welding electrodes, must be stored in a dry, cool place away from any heat source. Once opened, you should use the rod within a reasonable time. 

Reconditioning the E6010 is not recommended as it can result in a decrease in welding performance. Plus, a welding electrode that has been reconditioned may not meet the strict quality standards set by the manufacturer.

Overhead welding using 6010 welding rod


The 6010 welding rod is by far the most popular choice for welding electrodes. This versatile rod can be used for general-purpose fabrications, pipe welding, construction, and shipbuilding. The E6010 electrode is known for its easy arc starting, smooth bead appearance, and low spatter levels. In addition, this rod provides good penetration and is ideal for use on dirty or rusty surfaces. For these reasons, you can use this welding rod for practically any type of project you have.

Due to its violent arc penetration, there is a slight learning curve for beginner welders. But if you apply simple techniques and correct settings on your welding machine, you'll get beautiful, deep-penetrating weaves. To get the best welds, check out more Welding Buddy articles today!

arrow-up-circle linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram